AWR In Latin America

This article was originally broadcast over AWR in their “Wavescan” program and now forms part of the Radio Heritage Collection ©. All rights reserved to Ragusa Media Group, PO Box 14339, Wellington, New Zealand. This material is licenced on a non-exclusive basis to South Pacific DX Resource hosted on radiodx.com for a period of five years from May 1 2002. Author: Adrian Peterson

The Story of AWR in Latin America

The radio scene in Latin America has always been viewed by international radio monitors, particularly those who live in North America, as being “very exotic”. Stations come and go. Quite often they will appear on the radio dial without prior announcement, and quite often they will simply disappear without prior announcement. On some occasions, silent shortwave stations in Latin America will suddenly make an unannounced comeback, usually to save their license. Then too, a silent shortwave station may even be unexpectedly revived, under different ownership and under a different identification slogan. All of these changes and developments just add to the variety and fascination of tuning the tropical shortwave bands for these exotic Latin American stations. And we can also remember that a large number of these exotic stations have been logged and QSLed over the years at great distances, in North America, Europe, and the South Pacific.

In this edition of Wavescan, we present another episode in the continuing story of Adventist World Radio. It is the story of two shortwave stations located in Latin America, one in Guatemala and the other in Costa Rica, and their story is just as exotic and as colorful as the story of any other in that part of the world. This is the story of Union Radio TGMU AWR in Guatemala and TIAWR Radio Lira in Costa Rica. So, stay with us for this unfolding saga.

Actually, the story begins way back in the early days of shortwave broadcasting. It was in the year 1924 just before Christmas that Amando Cespedes Marin in Heredia, Costa Rica constructed two mediumwave transmitters. When he went on the air, his neighbors thought that they were listening to a high powered station in the United States. Four years later, he constructed a shortwave transmitter at just 7.5 watts and this was heard widely in the Americas and Europe, and even in distant Australia. Senor Amando became quite famous for his broadcast activities and he established some of the earliest radio stations in his country, one of which was subsequently named as Radio Lira. This station, with the callsign TIACA, was bought in 1983 by the Seventh-day Adventist church in Costa Rica, where it became TIASD, and then more recently, TIAWR. Radio Lira was transferred at first to the Adventist school at Hatillo in Costa Rica where it went on the air with local programming on mediumwave. The station was subsequently transferred again, this time to the Adventist university at Alajuela where it was re-launched on FM and shortwave.

Next we look at another early radio station in Costa Rica, and this was Radio Atenea TIRS which was launched half a century ago. This station was bought by an institution of the American government, also in the year 1983, and re-launched as the now infamous Radio Impacto. Radio Impacto was on the air mediumwave and shortwave from three widely separated locations. After this station had fulfilled its intended purpose, it was closed and sold at the end of its seven year history. The equipment at the northernmost location was sold to a businessman who re-launched the station on mediumwave only as Radio Cordillera. The property at Cahuita on the Atlantic coast, and a bevy of their transmitters and antennas, was bought by Adventist World Radio and this location became the main shortwave base for Radio Lira Internacional.

And now we look at another historic sequence which begins over in neighboring Guatemala back half a century ago. A low powered mediumwave station with a 200 watt transmitter took to the air in 1957 as TGMU. Their early identification slogan was Radio Buena Musica, though this was changed some thirty years later to Union Radio. This mediumwave station in Guatemala City, TGMU, was bought by the Adventist church where it was re-launched with three outlets in parallel, AM, FM, and shortwave. Union Radio joined the AWR network in 1981. At that time, the head office for Adventist World Radio in Latin America was established in the administrative office of the Seventh-day Adventist church in Guatemala City. However, four years later, the AWR office was transferred from Guatemala City in Guatemala to the Seventh-day Adventist University in Alajuela, Costa Rica.

As the methods of electronic delivery in Latin America changed, so did the endeavors of Adventist World Radio. A few years ago, the well known and long established Trans World Radio on the island of Bonaire closed their shortwave transmitters and concentrated on the delivery of a satellite signal to local radio stations throughout Latin America. Unintentionally following in these same footsteps, Adventist World Radio looked in the same direction and the shortwave facility at Cahuita was sold towards the end of the year 1998. The station was bought by Wescott and soon afterwards, the transmitters were heard by international radio monitors with the programming of Dr Gene Scott.

AWR Pan America is functioning these days from the splendid suite of studios installed into a building known as Bella Vista. This facility is ideally located on top of a hill with a remarkable view overlooking the surrounding valleys and cities. This studio facility at Bella Vista is the co-ordinating point for AWR Pan America, collecting programming from Adventist radio stations and studios throughout Latin America, and formatting them into a combined 24 hour schedule for delivery by satellite. It is estimated that anywhere up to 100 local FM and mediumwave stations are taking this satellite relay, either part time or full time.  

Adventist World Radio in Latin America
Time Lines

——————————————————————————————–
Country Unit Location Year Date Event
——————————————————————————————–
Costa Rica TI4NRH Tri-Cities 1924 Dec 1st MW broadcasts
1938 May 4 1st SW broadcasts
1957 Sold to Columbia
1963 New station launched
1983 Sold to Adventist church Costa Rica Impacto 3 sites 1952 Radio Atenea MW begins
1984 Radio Impacto launched
1990 Radio Impacto closed
1991 Sold to Adventist church Costa Rica Lira Hatillo 1983 Nov 30 MW inaugurated Costa Rica Lira Alajuela 1986 Oct 22 1 kW SW inaugurated
1989 Jul 5 kW SW inaugurated
1989 Aug 27 50 kW inaugurated
1994 Apr 15 Final broadcasts Alajuela Costa Rica Lira Cahuita 1991 Nov 1st test broadcasts
1992 Jul 7 & 8 Dedication services
1998 Nov 6 Final broadcast
1998 Nov 7 Sold to Wescott Guatemala Union Ciudad 1957 MW TGMU launched
1979 Sold to Adventist church
1979 May AM & FM activated
1979 Aug SW activated Central America AWR-LA 1979 Established Adventist HQ
1985 Transferred to Alajuela
1993 Jun Transferred to Bella Vista
==============================================================

Adventist World Radio in Latin America – Costa Rica
AWR Heritage – Historic TI4NRH References

——————————————————————————————–
Location Information & References
———————————————————————————————

Costa Rica Built 2 MW transmitters 1st broadcasts 12-24; MT 3-93 19
Began regular MW broadcasts 5 watts Heredia; MT 3-93 19
1st SW broadcast 7.5 watts May 4 1928 Heredia; MT 3-93 19
MW station launched 310 m 965 kHz 1933; PC 5-90 36
Costa Rican gov decree, all TI4NRH mail free; MT 3-93 20
By mid 1939 had received 110,000 reception reports; MT 93
5th SW after KDKA, WGY, PCJ, BBC; MT 3-93 21
Appealed for parts, increased TI4NRH to 150 w; MT 3-93 21
New transmitter at 150 watts 1932; PC 5-90 37
Increased TI4NRH to 200 watts in 1933; MT 3-93 21
Increased TI4NRH to 500 watts 1938; MT 3-93 21 Big celebrations for 10th anniversary May 1938; MT 3-93 21
Resumed SW broadcasts 750 w transmitter; PC 5-90 38
Revived in 1952 as TINH 3 kW 9692 & 750 w 710; PC 5-90
Armando died March 20, 1976 at 95; MT 3-93 21
Established MW station in San Jose; MT 3-93 21
Son took over MW station in San Jose; MT 3-93 21
MW taken over by Radio Columbia, SW dropped; PC 5-90
Established new MW station TIACA; WRTVHB entries
MW station sold to businessman became Radio Lira; MT
Sold to Adventist church; MT 3-93 21
==============================================================

Adventist World Radio in Latin America – Costa Rica
AWR Heritage – Radio impacto References

———————————————————————————————

Location Information & References
———————————————————————————————
San Jose Launched in 1984 as Radio Impacto; AMP document
Radio Impacto likely to close soon; DXO 4-90 49
AWR purchased 4 transmitters from Impacto; DXO 2-91 49

Site A – Limon, Cahuita
2 @ 50 kW MW 3 antennas; AMP to GC
MW site only 2 @ 50 kW combined; Chart
Property included in sale; AMP to GC Site B – San Jose
1 @ 20 kW MW, 1 antenna; AMP to GC
2 @ 20 kW SW, 2 cubic quad antennas; AMP to GC
Rented site; AMP to GC
Alajuelita 980 20, 5030 20, 6150 20; Chart
5044 operated by CIA, will close soon?; DXO 4-90 48
5044 reported QSL letter 5030; Ross, Walker DXO 1-90 50
Began 1983 on 6150; ADXN 4-90; 11
Christmas 1987 additional 20 kW 5030; ADXN 4-90 11 Site C – La Cruz
2 @ 50 kW MW, 3 antennas
2 @ 50 kW 980 kHz; Chart
Rented site; AMP to GC
Equipment sold another station became Radio Cordillera; Interview DG

==============================================================

Adventist World Radio in Latin America – Guatemala
References

———————————————————————————————
Item Information & Reference
———————————————————————————————
Studios Studios in Adventist HQ building; AMP visit
1st Adventist owned international SW station in world; DG
1st in Guatemala with STL relay, not FM in-band; DG interview
Studio to transmitter STL 5 miles; AR 2-10-80 17 1209
Transmitter site 12 miles from city centre; RN MN 10/2
State of the art equipment; RN MN 10/2

Transmitter Location Canton las Pilas, Canalitos son 17; AMP visit
Property 10,000 sq metres; AWR Report 3-96
1st AWR owned shortwave transmitter; DG 12-7-92
TGMU shortwave operated by GC as AWR-LA; AR 2-10-80
Only 1shortwave transmitter, ex-MW; Engineer interview
Sintronic MW on SW 2 kW, TGMUB=6090; QSL letter 1983
Singer MW transmitter converted to SW; AMP visit
Shortwave antenna 2 mast dipole N-S; AMP visit
Shortwave antenna 3 db gain, 15 degrees E; DG interview
Baby Blue already approved for Guatemala; AWR 5-10-93
Baby Blue 5 kW TIASD4 for TGMU; Scragg letter 25-2-93 Channels 4 shortwave frequencies assigned to TGMU; VOPN 13
5970 5980 6090 11790 11795 15210
Licensed for two channels 5980 11795; AWR Report 3-96
15210 kHz approved, not used?; DG notes
Frequencies 5970 5980 & 6090; DG letter 26-2-87
Union Radio 1330 10 kW 105.5 FM, AWR 6090 2.5 kW; Tell
Union Radio on 6090; DX sheet 4-84 19
TGMU 1330 105.7 5980 11790; AMP visit
TGMUA TGMUB TGMUC; text on printed QSL card
TGMUA = 5980; QSL card rubber stamp 17-10-89
TGMUA = 5980; QSL card Wendell Craighead
TGMUB = 6090; QSL card Wendell Craighead 26-3-80
TGMUB = 6090; QSL card Harry Smith 10-3-84 STLs 153.380 communication
890.075 programming
891.050 programming
892.025 programming
893.000 programming
Mobile 450.150 Dates Adventist Church purchased Union Radio 1979; AMP RMI
AWR Guatemala came on air 1979; DG interview
AM/FM began May 1979; AR 20-9-79 24 1024
MW & FM both 10 kW began simulcasting May 1979; RMI
Shortwave began mid August 1979 49 m; AR 20-9-79 24
FM on air mid Aug 1979 test broadcasts; Bolinger letter
1st broadcast 17-8-79
Union Radio complex inaugurated Aug 17 1979; Tell 31-10
FM broke down during inaguration ceremonies; Bolinger
Authorities closed station for several months; Bolinger letter
MW broke down few days later off air for months; Bolinger
Shortwave began probably 30-3-80 5980 nightly LP; Folkenberg
Shortwave test broadcasts began March 1980; RMI AMP
Heard at moderate level Santo Domingo; AMP to DG 4-6-93
=============================================================

Adventist World Radio in Latin America – Costa Rica
References

———————————————————————————————
Location Unit Information & References
———————————————————————————————

Hatillo Lira 1540 MW at Adventist school Hatillo; AR 24-11-84 10
Began as MW at Hatillo school. DG interview Alajuela Lira Inaugurated 30-11-83, on air 7 hrs daily; AR 24-11-84 10
Studios Central American Union College (Uni); AR 24-11-84
1st studio building photo; DXO 2-89 cover & 2
1st location, house, studios in Church
2nd location 328 square meter building
New studio building nearing completion; AR 20 988
1 kW station Central American Union College; AR 20 988
Transmitter building 188 sq metre
HQ moved from Guatemala to Alajuela 1985; Note
Celebrated 1st anniversary; AR 4-5-85 10
Green QSL card; SWL 5-87 & DXO 9-87 58
Acquired 4 new transmitters 2 @ 20 & 2 @ 50; DXO 2-91 49
9722 improved signal; ADXN 7-92 6 Alajuela TIASD1 1 kW Consas (Collins) rebuilt as McMartin; DG 28-1-99
1st SW transmitter for AWR-Lira Collins 10C SSB unit; DG
Transmitter building on farm at Alajuela university; DG
15460 testing to resume Feb 1986; GW SCDxers
Inaugurated 22-10-86; DG 28-1-99
1st SW transmitter inaugurated Dec 1; DG report
1st channel 15460 5 element yagi; DG 28-1-99
2nd channel 11870 another 5 element yagi; DG 28-1-99
3rd channel 9725? or 6150?dipole between yagi towers; DG
Storm, antenna fell, transmitter burned out; DG 28-1-99
Traded in for 5 kW Elcor, Baby Blue; DG 28-1-99 Alajuela TIASD2 1 kW Consasa, readied for use never put on air; DG 28-1-99
Traded in for Baby Blue; DG 28-1-99
Gutted by Elcor as cabinet for Impacto; DG 28-1-99
Cabinet taken to Cahuita; Map Alajuela TIASD3 Interim 100 w amateur transmitter; DG 28-1-99
On air a couple of months; DG 28-1-99 Alajuela TIASD4 Inauguration of 5 kW Baby Blue July 1989; DG 28-1-99
TIAWR6 5 kW SW only up to Aug 1989; Note
11870 callsign TIASD; DXO 11-89 75
Elcor 5 kW became operational end June 89; DXO 2-90 21
Inaugurated July 1989; DG interview
Regular channel 11870; DXO 2-90 21
Baby Blue 5 kW 11870; DG document 10-92
Final week 11870; AMP to DG 13-4-94
5 element yagi omni-directional; DG document 10-92
Now as emergency unit; DG document 10-92
5 element omni-directional yagi; DG document 10-92
Offered to Guatemala
Promised to Juliaca; DG document 3-98
Offered to Dominican Republic; DJ report 8-9-98 Alajuela (TIASD5) Elcor 50 kW SW inaugurated Aug 1989; Note, interview DG
TIAWR1 5th transmitter was Elcor 40 kW running at 50; Interview DG
5th transmitter 40/50 kW same as KJES; Interview DG
5th transmitter feeding into yagi log periodic N; Interview DG
5th on 9725 opened Aug 27, 1989; Interview DG
Inaugurated 27-8-89; DG 28-1-99
Regular channel 9725; DXO 2-90 21
Call TIASD to TIAWR at inauguration 50 kW; Interview DG
Callsign change approved year end meetings; DG report
Callsign change TIASD to TIAWR 1991; WRTVHB entries
9725 moved to Cahuita 1992; Interview DG
Dedications Jul 7& 8 1992 Alajuela Folkenberg; DG 19-7-92
“Final Week” Alajuela April 11-15 1994; QSL cards Cahuita Property Previously Impacto Cahuita; Site map
1991 earthquake delayed Cahuita by 1 year; Interview DG
Test broadcasts began Nov 1991; Transmissions 12-91 4
Inauguration services soon; AMP to DG 26-4-94
118 acres; Burton news release 16-12-91
49 hectares, 4 transmitters, building 2 quads; ADXN 4-91 6
Net log periodc Alajuela to move to Cahuita; ADXN 4-91 6
50 kW & 5 kW at Alajuela to move to Cahuita; ADXN 4-91 6
1st broadcasts expected Summer; ADXN 4-91 6
Dedications Jul 7 & 8 1992 Cahuita Folkenberg; DG 19-7-92
5 transmitters now at Cahuita; DG 19-7-92
Alajuela 50 kW & log periodic now at Cahuita; 19-7-92
TIAWR sold effective Sunday Nov 7 Wescott; GH
Heard in Canberra; 11-11-99; NOTW 144 Cahuita TIAWR1 Big Bob 50 kW multi-channel = TIAWR1; Manager Report
40 kW 7375 & 15460 kHz; AMP to JB12-11-99
5970 9725 11870 15460 net style log periodic 120 deg; Map
Net style log periodic antenna 3; DG document 10-92
Antenna 3 central position TCI 516-3 Caribbean; Site map
40 kW 4 frequency previously new Alajuela 9725; Site map
9725 Cahuita moved to Cahuita 1992; Interview DG
40 kW Elcor inaugurated 1992; DG 28-1-99
5970 good signal in Santo Domingo; AMP to DG 4-6-93
11870 engineering tests 500 watts ended 15-4-94; Note

Cahuita TIAWR2 Tio Garwin 50 kW 9725 = TIAWR2; Manager Report
Old Radio Impacto 980 MW at Cahuita; Chart
TIAWR2 50 kW LP 345 degrees 9725; Computer map
Net style log periodic antenna 1 340 degrees; Map, DG 92
Antenna 1, southern position TCI 516-2 Brazil; Site map
On 9722.5; AMP monitoring observation 27-2-93
Request to move 9722 to 9725; AMP to DG 4-6-93
Low signal 9722 in Santo Domingo; AMP to DG; 4-6-93
WEWN spur on 9725; AMP to DG 13-4-94
Commemorative programs Nov 1&2, final broadcast Nov 6
9725 heard Nov 5 1998, 3 days after final broadcast; GH
Heard widely Nov 9 with Dr Gene Scott programming; GH
Callsign changed to TIDGS 1999; AMP to GC

Cahuita TIAWR3 Don Olav 20 kW 13750 = TIAWR3; Manager Reort
Old Impacto 20 kW 6150 SW San Jose Alajuelita; Chart
Last unit ready for on air mid Sep 1994; Manager Report
TIAWR3 20 kW 13750 LP 70 degrees; Computer map
Net style log periodic 65 degrees; Map
2 element Quad 6150; DG document 10-92

Cahuita TIAWR4 Sinorita Shirley 20 kW 5030 = TIAWR4; Manager Report
Old Impacto 20 kW SW 5030 San Jose Alajuelita; Chart
Single element quad; Map
TIAWR4 20 kW Quad 5030 315 & 135 deg; Computer map
Antenna 4 Central America; Site map Cahuita TIAWR5 Sir Walter 50 kW 6150 = TIAWR5; Manager Report
Old Impacto 50 kW 980 at Cahuita; Chart
TIAWR5 50 kW 6150 105 degrees; Computer map
Double element quad antenna 105 degrees; Map
Net style log periodic antenna 2; DG document 10-92
Antenna 2 northern positionTCI 516-2 Cuba; Site map
Antenna 5 N & S America; Site map
50 kW 6150 2 element Quad South America; DG 19-7-92 Bella Vista Office AWR HQ Guatemala to Alajuela 1985; T’missions 2-93 2
Moved office to Bella Vista 6-93; AWR Board 16-6-93 4-4 Dedication, pouring rain 31-4-94; Current 6-94 1 Alajuela STLs SW programming 420.925; DG interview
FM programming 421.9; DG interview
Communication 421.9; DG interview Irazu STLs Both ways 426.5; DG interview
Programming 446.95 & 447.00; DG interview Cahuita STLs Monitoring 420.9; DG interview Costa Rica STLs Mobile 421.55; DG interview
=============================================================
AWR Heritage via Radio Impacto
WRTVHB Entries

——————————————————————————————-
Year MW kHz kW Owner SW kHz kW Owner
——————————————————————————————-
1950 No entry
1951 No entry
1952 TIRS 920 5 Radio Athenea TIRS 11972 3 Radio Athenea
1953 Not listed TIHH 11972 3 Radio Popular
1954 TIRS 920 3 Radio Athenea TIHH 6744 3 Radio Athenea
1955 Not listed Not listed
1956 TIRS 920 Radio Athenea TIRS 11972 3 Radio Athenea
1957 TIRS 920 10 Emisora Athenea Not listed
1958 TIRS 920 5 R Athenea Not listed
1959 TIRS 920 4 R Athenea Not listed
1960 TIRS 920 4 Radio Athena Not listed
1961 TIRS 975 4 Radio Athena Not listed
1962 TIRS 975 4 Radio Athena Not listed
1963 TIRS 975 4 Radio Athena Not listed
1964 TIRS 975 4 Radio Athena Not listed
1965 TIRS 975 4 Radio Athena Not listed
1966 TIRS 975 4 Radio Atenea TIJCD 6205 1 Radio Atenea
1967 TIRS 975 4 Radio Atenea TIJCD 6205 1 Radio Atenea
1968 TIRS 975 4 Radio Atenea TIJCD 6205 1 Radio Atenea
1969 TIRS 975 4 Radio Atenea Not listed
1970 TIRS 975 4 Radio Atenea TIxxx 6150 Radio Atenea
1971 TIRS 975 4 Radio Atenea TIxxx 6150 1 Radio Atenea
1972 TIRS 975 4 Radio Atenea TIRS 6150 1 Radio Atenea
1973 TIRS 975 10 Radio Atenea TIRS 6150 1 Radio ATenea
1974 TIRS 975 15 Radio Atenea TIRS 6150 1 Radio Atenea
1975 TIRS 975 15 Radio Atenea TIRS 6150 1 Radio Atenea
1976 TIRS 975 10 Radio Atenea TIRS 6150 1 Radio Atenea
1977 TIRS 975 10 R Centro America TIRS 6150 1 R Centro America
1978 TIAZ 975 10 R Centro America TIAZ 6150 1 R Centro America
1979 TIAZ 975 10 R Centro America TIAZ 6150 1 R Centro America
1980 TIRS 975 10 ABC Radio TIRS 6150 1 ABC Radio
1981 TIRS 975 10 ABC Radio TIRS 6150 1 ABC Radio
1982 TIRS 975 10 ABC Radio TIRS 6150 1 ABC Radio
1983 TIRS 980 10 ABC Radio TIRS 6150 1 ABC Radio
1984 TIRS 980 10 Radio Impacto TIRS 6150 1 Radio Impacto
1985 TIRI 980 20 Radio Impacto TIRS 6150 20 Radio Impacto
1986 TIRI 980 20 Radio Impacto TIRS 6150 20 Radio Impacto
1987 TIRI 980 20 Radio Impacto TIRS 6150 20 Radio Impacto
1988 TIRI 980 20 Radio Impacto TIRS 6150 20 Radio Impacto
1989 TIRI 980 20 Radio Impacto TIRI 2 2@20 Radio Impacto
1990 TIRI 980 20 Radio Impacto TIRI 2 2@20 Radio Impacto
1991 TIRI 980 20 Radio Cordillera No entry
1992 TIRI 980 20 Radio Cordillera No entry
============================================================

AWR Heritage via TINRH
WRTVHB Entries

——————————————————————————————-
Year MW Call kHz kW Owner SW Call kHGz kW Owner
——————————————————————————————-
1947 Not listed TINRH 9692 .75 La Voz CR
1948 Not listed TINRH 9692 .75 La Voz CR
1949 Not listed TINRH 9692 .75 La Voz CR
1950 Not listed Not listed
1951 Not lsited Not listed
1952 Not listed TINRH 9692 3 La Voz CR
1953 TINRH 710 75 La Voz CR TINRH 9692 3 La Voz CR
1954 TINRH 710 .75 La Voz CR TINRH 9692 3 La Voz CR
1955 TINRH 710 — La Voz CR TINRH 9692 3 La Voz CR
1956 TINRH 710 — La Voz CR TINRH 9692 3 La Voz CR
1957 TILX 1150 2 Columbia Not listed
1958 TINRH 710 1 Columbia TINRH 9692 1 La Voz CR
1959 TILX 710 1 Columbia Not listed
1960 TILX 710 1 Columbia Not listed
1961 TILX 725 1 Columbia Not listed
1962 TILX 725 1 Columbia Not listed
1963 TIACA 1600 1 La Voz CR No entry
1964 TIACA 1600 1 La Voz CR No entry
1965 TIACA 1600 1 La Voz CR No entry
1966 TIACA 1600 1 La Voz CR No entry
1967 TIACA 1600 1 La Voz CR No entry
1968 TIACA 1600 1 La Voz CR No entry
1969 TIACA 1600 1 La Voz CR No entry
1970 TIACA 1600 1 La Voz CR No entry
1971 TIACA 1600 1 La Voz CR No entry
1972 TIACA 1600 1 La Voz CR No entry
1973 TIACA 1600 1 Radio Lira No entry
1974 TIACA 1600 1 Radio Lira No entry
1975 TIACA 1600 1 Radio Lira No entry
1976 TIACA 1540 1 Radio Lira No entry
1977 TIACA 1540 1 Radio Lira No entry
1978 TIACA 1540 1 Radio Lira No entry
1979 TIACA 1540 1 Radio Lira No entry
1980 TIACA 1540 1 Radio Lyra No entry
1981 TIACA 1540 1 Radio Lira No entry
1982 TIACA 1540 1 Radio Lira No entry
1983 TIACA 1540 1 Radio Lira No entry
1984 TIACA 1540 1 Radio Lira No entry
1985 TIASD 1540 1 Radio Lira No entry
1986 TIASD 1540 1 Radio Lira No entry
1987 TIASD 1540 1 Radio Lira TIASD 2 5 Radio Lira
1988 TIASD 1540 1 Radio Lira TIASD 2 5 Radio Lira
1989 TIASD 1540 1 Radio Lira TIASD 4 5&40 Radio Lira
1990 TIASD 1540 1 Radio Lira TIASD 4 5&40 Radio Lira
1991 TIASD 1560 1 Radio Lira TIASD 4 5&40 Radio Lira
1992 TIxxx (FP) 1540 Radio Mia TIAWR 7 6 AWR
1993 TIxxx (FP) 1540 Radio Mia TIAWR 7 6 AWR
1994 TIxxx (FP) 1540 Radio Mia TIAWR 7 6 AWR
1994 TIxxx (FP) 1540 Radio Mia TIAWR 7 6 AWR
1995 TIxxx (FP) 1540 Radio Mia TIAWR 7 6 AWR
1996 TIxxx (FP) 1540 Radio Mia TIAWR 7 6 AWR
1997 TIxxx (FP) 1540 Radio Mia TIAWR 7 6 AWR
1998 No entry TIAWR 7 6 AWR
============================================================

Union Radio AWR Guatemala
WRTVHB Entries – Corrected

——————————————————————————————

Year MW Call kHz kW Owner SW Call kHGz kW Owner
——————————————————————————————
1954 No entry No entry
1955 No entry (LPMW not listed) No entry
1956 No entry (LPMW not listed) No entry
1957 TGMU 1300 .2 Radio TGMU No entry
1958 TGMU 1300 .2 Radio TGMU No entry
1959 TGMU 1300 . 2 Bna Musica No entry
1960 TGMU 1300 .25 Bna Musica No entry
1961 TGMU 1300 .02 Bna Musica No entry
1962 TGMU 1300 .02 Bna Musica No entry
1963 TGMU 1300 .02 Bna Musica No entry
1964 TGMU 1300 .2 Bna Musica No entry
1965 TGMU 1300 .2 Bna Musica No entry
1966 TGMU 1300 .2 Bna Musica No entry
1967 TGMU 1300 .2 Radio 1300 No entry
1968 TGMU 1300 10 Novedades No entry
1969 TGMU 1330 10 Union com No entry
1970 TGMU 1330 10 Union com No entry
1971 TGMU 1330 10 Union com No entry
1972 TGMU 1330 10 Union com No entry
1973 TGMU 1330 10 Union Com No entry
1974 TGMU 1330 10 Union Com No entry
1975 TGMU 1330 10 Union Com No entry
1976 TGMU 1330 10 Union Com No entry
1977 TGMU 1330 10 Union Com No entry
1978 TGMU 1330 10 Union Com No entry
1979 TGMU 1330 10 Union Com No entry
1980 TGMU 1330 10 Union Com No entry
1981 TGMU 1330 10 Union Radio TGMUA/B 5/6 2.5 Union /AWR
1982 TGMU 1330 10 Union Radio TGMUA/B 5/6 2.5 Union/AWR
1983 TGMU 1330 10 Union Radio TGMUA/B 5/6 2.5 Union/AWR
1984 TGMU 1330 10 Union Radio TGMUA/B 5/6 2.5 Union/AWR
1985 TGMU 1330 10 Union Radio TGMUA/B 5/6 2.5 Union/AWR
1986 TGMU 1330 10 Union Radio TGMUA/B 5/6 2.5 Union/AWR
1987 TGMU 1330 10 Union Radio TGMUA/B 5/6 2.5 Union/AWR
1988 TGMU 1330 10 Union Radio TGMUA/B 5/6 2.5 Union/AWR
1989 TGMU 1330 10 Union Radio TGMUA/B 5/6 2.5 Union/AWR
1990 TGMU 1330 10 Union Radio TGMUA/B 5/6 2.5 Union/AWR
1991 TGMU 1330 10 Union Radio TGMUA/B 5/6 2.5 Union/AWR
1992 TGMU 1330 10 Union Radio TGMUA 5980 2.5 LVASDLA
1993 TGMU 1330 10 Union Radio TGMUA 5980 2.5 LVASDLA
1994 TGMU 1330 10 Union Radio TGMUA 5980 2.5 LVASDLA
1995 TGMU 1330 10 Union Radio TGMUA 5980 2.5 LVASDLA
1996 TGMU 1330 10 Union Radio TGMUA 5980 2.5 RMA
1997 TGMU 1330 5.5 Union Radio TGMUA 5980 2.5 Union Radio
1998 TGMU 1330 5.5 Union Radio TGMUA 5980 2.5 Union Radio
1999 TGMU 1330 5.5 Union Radio TGMUA 5980 2.5 Union Radio
2000 TGMU 1330 5.5 Union Radio TGMUA 5980 2.5 Union Radio
2001 TGMU 1330 5.5 Union Radio TGMUA 5980 2.5 Union Radio
2002 TGMU 1330 5.5 Union Radio TGMUA 5980 2.5 Union Radio
============================================================


News from the American Shortwave Scene

——————————————————————————————-
Station Transmitters Location State Current Status
——————————————————————————————-
WSHB 2 @ 500 Pineland S Carolina For sale, good price
WRNO 1 @ 50 New Orleans Louisiana Under new owners
KGEI 1 @ 250 Kenai Pen Alaska Under installation
WJCR 2 @ 50 Upton Kentucky Now on air as WJIE
WWRB 2 @ 50 Manchester Tennessee Was WGTG then WWFV
KNLS 1 @ 100 Anchor Point Alaska Installing new 100 kW
Kxxx 2 @ 50 Pinon New Mexico Projected Gospel station
WMLK 1 @ 50 Bethel Pennsylvania Installing new 250 kW
=============================================================

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