The Shortwave Scene in Taiwan

This article was originally broadcast over AWR in their “Wavescan” program and now forms part of the Radio Heritage Collection ©. All rights reserved to Ragusa Media Group, PO Box 14339, Wellington, New Zealand. This material is licenced on a non-exclusive basis to South Pacific DX Resource hosted on radiodx.com for a period of five years from May 1 2002. Author: Adrian Peterson

The shortwave scene on the island of Taiwan is at the same time, both very interesting and very complex, and it stretches back over long eras of time with a multitude of different transmitter locations. The first known shortwave broadcasts from this large island at the edge of the western Pacific went on the air back at the time when Taiwan was known as Formosa, and the capital city Taipei was known as Taihoku (TIE-HOE-KOO).

As noted in a previous edition of Wavescan, the first shortwave broadcasts in Taiwan were a relay from a mediumwave station JFAB, apparently using the facilities of a communication station with the callsign JFA. Back in the pre-war days, there is only one known QSL from Taiwan, the island that locals say is shaped like a tobacco leaf, and that was received by a listener in Sydney, Australia.

Soon after the close of the Pacific War, large numbers of Chinese people migrated very quickly from the mainland to the nearby island of Taiwan. One of the major results of this shifting political situation was the construction of a large number of shortwave stations, both for local coverage as well as for international coverage.

It is safe to state that more than forty shortwave stations have been on the air over the years from Taiwan. Two thirds of these stations were quite small low powered operations for local coverage, whereas other stations were established for national and international coverage.

The first new shortwave station on Taiwan was erected somewhere aound the year 1957. This was a 50 kW unit and apparently located at Panchiao (PAHN-CHOW) on the western edge of Taipei. Other stations followed in many different locations, though always on the coast or near the coastal areas.

It is reported that most of the large shortwave stations on Taiwan were erected with financial support from the United States. These large stations have been noted on the air over the years with American programming, and with locally produced programming also. In fact, at one stage some years ago, both Radio Liberty and the Voice of Free China were issuing QSL cards for the same broadcasts.

The location names of most of the shortwave stations on Taiwan are known, though it is not always clear just which station has been on the air with which programming. It can be equally difficult to find a particular location on a large map.

When searching for a transmitter location on the island of Taiwan, it is necessary to use a map that transliterates the location names from Chinese into English in the same way as the names are given in radio publications, otherwise it is almost impossible to locate these facilities.

A large number of local shortwave stations have been on the air from locations all around the island and these have been owned by both the Broadcasting Corporation of China as well as by local agencies, such as the police, the army, the air force and the civil defence authorities. Some units owned their own shortwave facilities whereas others leased air time over a hearby BCC station.

All of the large shortwave stations in Taiwan that have been on the air with international programming beamed to the Chinese mainland and beyond have been located on the west coast of the island, in an arc stretching from the northern tip of the island down to about 150 kilometers from the southern tip of the island. Many names have been given over the years as the location name for these large shortwave transmitting stations, and it would seem that in some cases the same location has been known under two or perhaps even three different location names.

Even to this day, it is not known exactly just how many large shortwave stations are on the air, nor where exactly they are all located, though these days not one of the small shortwave stations is now on the air. They were all closed progressively some years ago as FM coverage was extended to all areas of the entire island.

A little later in this program, you will hear specifically about Radio Liberty and its shortwave stations on Taiwan; and on another occasion, we will tell the story of the many other international shortwave stations that have taken out a relay over the years from stations on Taiwan.

What Happened to Radio Liberty on Taiwan?

These days, the story of Radio Liberty on the air from shortwave facilities on the island of Taiwan is almost forgotten. Better known is Radio Liberty in Europe, with its large transmitter bases located at Lampertheim (LUMP-AIR-TIME) in Germany, and Pals in Spain.

Radio Liberty on Taiwan was on the air for a period approaching 20 years. The initial broadcasts went on the air shortwave on May 1, 1955, using at first a 1 kW transmitter, supplemented a little later with a 25 kW unit.

The original transmitter location was at Panchao (PAHN-CHOW) which is located just beyond the western edge of their capital city, Taipei. This was an interim location while a new base was constructed at Pali (PAH-LEE), on the coast 20 km north of Taipei.

Originally, the international radio station at PalI contained four shortwave transmitters at 50 kW each, three of which were on the air with the international programming of Radio Liberty. The Broadcasting Corporation of China, BCC, and the Voice of Free China, VOFC, used one transmitter exclusively and the other three when available.

The programming from Radio Liberty Taiwan, it is stated, was beamed to the eastern areas of Russia and Siberia, though it would appear that they were also on the air in Chinese to the nearby mainland. QSL cards were issued for the Radio Liberty Taiwan broadcasts from the address in Germany, and at one stage, also by the Voice of Free China.

This station, Radio Liberty Taiwan, left the air at the end of the broadcast schedule on the last day of he year 1973, thus closing its almost 20 year history. The transmitters at Pali were taken into full time usage by BBC and VOFC, though in more recent time they have been replaced by larger units at 100 kW, five of which are listed as in current usage.


Shortwave Stations in Taiwan – References

——————————————————————————————————————
Location Year Information & Reference
——————————————————————————————————————
Taiwan 1949 Dec 8 Nationalist government established in Taipei

Studios 1949 Established at New Park, Taipei; VOFC 8-88 4
1968 Moved to Jen Ai Road; VOFC 8-88 4

Historical 1928 Central Broadcasting Station Nanking began; VOFC 8-88 9
Summary 1932 Central Broadcasting Station China began Japanese; 8-88 5
1947 Taiwan authorises international broadcasting; VOFC 8-88 5
1949 Oct 10, changed to Voice of Free China; VOFC 8-88 5
1998 Jan 1 changed to Radio Taipei International; RTI Jan 98 2

Stations 1949 New 10 kW established at Taipei; WRHB 1950
1957 New SW HP 9607 kHz (Panchao 50 kW?); R&H 6-57 112
1971 VOFC SW transmitters 21
1977 3 sites for CBS: Taipei, Tamsui 20 km N, Minhsiung; DUDX
1977 3 VOFC sites: Taipei, Panchiao, Kaohsiung; DUDX 10-77
1977 Most new stations Taiwan constructed by CIA; DUDX 10-77
1982 13 SW transmitters available; ADXN 2-83 11
1988 7 SW stations on air; VOFC 8-88 5
1993 7 SW transmitting stations on the air; MT 1-93 14

Pintung 1986 Transmitters on air in 5 languages; VOFC 9-86 15

Taihoku (Taipei) Taihoku was the Japanese name for Taipei
1928 1st new station SW JFAB 9835; Radio Doings 1934 96
1935 JIC phone station; RN 8-35 117
1937 New SW facility; RN 7-38 54
1938 & 1939 JFO; RN & R&H

Tien Ma 1988 SW transmitter station visited by VOFC staff; VOFC 8-88 19

Tyureki 1937 New SW facility constructed; RN 7-38 54
1938 & 1939 JIA JIB JIE; RN & R&H
1939 JIE & JIE2 in parallel 10 kW each; RN 9-39 45
1940 JIB QSL letter received in Sydney; R&H 8-40 54

Taipei AFRTS 1976 Two SW channels closed; ADXN 5-585 32

Radio Liberty 1949? Began, RL & VOFC funded by US aid; ADXN 5-85 33
VOFC used same frequencies as RL
1955 May 1, 1st RL broadcast from Taipei; RL document & RMI
1967 Using VOFC facilities, both will QSL; R&H 79.1611-67 165
1970 Three transmitters leased from VOFC; R&H 79.17 6-70 172
1973 Dec 31, RL closed; RL document & ADXN 5-85 33
1974 VOFC using RL channels; R&H 79.17 9-74 110
===============================================================

Shortwave Stations in Taiwan – World Radio TV Handbook Entries
——————————————————————————————————————
Location Call 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951
——————————————————————————————————————
(Amoy) XUPB BED8 1 @ .5 kW 1 @ .5 kW 1 @ .5 kW 1 @ .5 kW
(Fukien) XUPA 1 @ 3 1 @ 3 1 @ .3
Taipei XURA 1 @ 3 1 @ 3 1 @ 3
Taipei TBS 1 @ ?
Taipei BED9 1 @ 10
Taipei BCAF 1 @ ?
===============================================================


Shortwave Stations in Taiwan – World Radio TV Handbook Entries
Continued

——————————————————————————————————————
Location Call 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956
——————————————————————————————————————
Taipei BED 1 @ 1 kW
1 @ 1.5
2 @ 3.5 2 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5 ? @ 3.5
1 @ 20 1 @ 20 1 @ 20 1 @ 20 1 @ 20
1 @ 50 1 @ 50 1 @ 50 2 @ 50 1 @ 50
? @ .5
TYKH City BEC 1 @ 1.5
Taipei BEC 1 @ 3.5
Taipei Air Force 1 @ .1 1 @ 1
1 @ 3 1 @ 3
Taipei Police 1 @ .5 1 @ .5
2 @ 3.5
Kaohsiung Military 1 @ 1
1 @ 3
Tsoying Navy 1 @ 1.5 1 @ 1.5
Taipei AFRTS 1 @ ?
===============================================================
Shortwave Stations in Taiwan – World Radio TV Handbook Entries
Continued

——————————————————————————————————————
Location Call 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961
——————————————————————————————————————
Taipei VOFC ) ? @ .5 kW ? @ .5 kW ? @ .5 ? @ .5 ? @ .5
Taichung VOFC ) 2 @ 3.5 ? @ 3.5 ? @ 3.5 ? @ 3.5 ? @ 3.5
Minhsiung VOFC ) 1 @ 20 !?@ 20 ? @ 20 ? @ 20 ? @ 20
Chiayi ) 1 @ 50 ? @ 50 ? @ 50 ? @ 50 ? @ 50
? @ 1 ? @ 1
Taipei VOR 1 @ 3.5
Taipei AF 1 @ 3 1 @ 3 1 @ 3 1 @ 1.5
1 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5
1 @ 20
Taipei Police 1 @ 1 1 @ 1 1 @ .5 1 @ .5 1 @ 1
Taipei Cheng 1 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5
1 @ .5
1 @ 1
Taichung Army 1 @ 1 1 @ 1 1 @ 1 1 @ 1 1 @ 1
1 @ 3.5
Kaohsiung Army 1 @ 1.5 1 @ 1.5 1 @ 1.5 1 @ 1.5
1 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5
Tsoying Navy 1 @ 1.5 1 @ 1.5 1 @ 1.5 1 @ 1.5 1 @ 1.5
Taipei AFRTS 1 @ .5 1 @ 1 1 @ 1 1 @ 1 1 @ 1
Taipei Fu Hsing 1 @ ? 1 @ 1
Taipei Commercial 1 @ 1 1 @ 1
(Quemoy) Army 1 @ 1 1 @ 1
Taipei Army 1 @ 1 1 @ 1
1 @ 3.5
Hualien Army 1 @ 1 1 @ 1
==============================================================

Shortwave Stations in Taiwan – World Radio TV Handbook Entries
Continued

—————————————————————————————————————–
Location Call 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966
——————————————————————————————————————
Taipei VOFC ) ? @ 1 kW ? @ 1 ? @ 1 ? @ 1
Chiayi VOFC ) ? @ 3.5 ? @ 3.5 ? @ 3.5 ? @ 3.5
Taichung VOFC ) ? @ 20 ? @ 20
? @ 50 ? @ 50 ? @ 50 ? @ 50
? @ 7.5 ? @ 7.5 1 @ 7.5
? @ 3 ? @ 3
? @ 10 ? @ 10
? @ 25 ? @ 25
1 @ 100
Taipei Cheng 1 @ 1 1 @ 1
1 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5
Taipei Fu Hsing 1 @ 1 1 @ 1 1 @ 1
Taipei Police 1 @ 1 1 @ 1 1 @ 1 1 @ 1 1 @ 1
Taipei Army 1 @ 1
1 @ 3.5
1 @ 1.5 1 @ 1.5 1 @ 1.5 1 @ 1.5
1 @ 3 1 @ 3 1 @ 3
Taichung Army 1 @ 1.5 1 @ 1.5 1 @ 3
1 @ 1.5 1 @ 1.5
Kaohsiung Army 1 @ 1.5 1 @ 1.5
Hualien Army 1 @ 1.5 1 @ 1.5 1 @ 1.5 1 @ 1.5 1 @ 1.5
Tsoying Army 1 @ 1.5 1 @ 1.5 1 @ 1.5 1 @ 1.5
1 @ 1
Taipei AF 1 @ 2.5 1 @ 2.5 1 @ 2.5
2 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5
1 @ 7.5 1 @ 7.5 1 @ 7.5
Taipei Commercial 1 @ 1 1 @ 1
Taipei Youth 1 @ .5 1 @ .5
Taipei VOR 1 @ 1
Taipei AFRTS 1 @ 1 1 @ 1 1 @ 1 1 @ 1 1 @ 1
Pan Chiao RL 1 @ 1
? @ 25 ? @ 25
1 @ 50 ? @ 50 ? @ 50
Pa-Li RL ? @ 50
==============================================================


Shortwave Stations in Taiwan – World Radio TV Handbook Entries
Continued

——————————————————————————————————————
Location Call 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971
——————————————————————————————————————
121.24E BCC ) ? @ 1 kW 1 @ 1 ? @ 1 ? @ 1
25.09N BCC ) 1 @ 1.5 ? @ 1.5 ? @ 1.5 ? @ 1.5
? @ 3 ? @ 3 ? @ 3 ? @ 3 ? @ 3
? @ 3.5 ? @ 3.5 ? @ 3.5 ? @ 3.5 ? @ 3.5
1 @ 7.5 1 @ 7.5 ? @ 7.5 ? @ 7.5 ? @ 7.5
? @ 10 ? @ 10 ? @ 10 ? @ 10 ? @ 10
? @ 25 ? @ 25 ? @ 25 ? @ 25 ? @ 25
? @ 35 ? @ 35 ? @ 35 ? @ 35
? @ 50 ? @ 50 ? @ 50 ? @ 50
1 @ 100 1 @ 100 ? @ 100 ? @ 100 ? @ 100
Taipei Youth 1 @ .5 1 @ .5 1 @ .5 1 @ .5 1 @ .5
Taipei Police 1 @ 1 1 @ 1 1 @ 1 1 @ 1 1 @ 1
121.31 25.03 VOR 1 @ 1
1 @ 3 1 @ 3 1 @ 3 1 @ 3
1 @ 10 1 @ 10 1 @ 10 1 @ 10
Taipei Army 1 @ 1.5 1 @ 1.5 1 @ 1.5 1 @ 1.5 1 @ 1.5
1 @ 3 1 @ 3 1 @ 3 1 @ 3 1 @ 3
Taichung Army 1 @ 1.5 1 @ 1.5 1 @ 1.5 1 @ 1.5 1 @ 1.5
Hualien Army 1 @ 1.5 1 @ 1.5 1 @ 1.5 1 @ 1.5 1 @ 1.5
Tsoying Army 1 @ 1 1 @ 1 1 @ 1 1 @ 1 1 @ 1
Taipei AF 1 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5
1 @ 7.5 1 @ 7.5 1 @ 7.5 1 @ 7.5 1 @ 7.5
Taichung AF 1 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5
Tainan AF 1 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5
Taipei AFRTS 1 @ 1 1 @ 1 1 @ 1 1 @ 1 1 @ 1
Pa-Li RL 121.27E ? @ 50 ? @ 50 4 @ 50 4 @ 50 3 @ 50
25.05N
==============================================================

Shortwave Stations in Taiwan – World Radio TV Handbook Entries
Continued

——————————————————————————————————————
Location Call 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976
——————————————————————————————————————
Taipei CBS ? @ 7.5
? @ 10
? @ 100
Taipei VOFC ? @ 1.5 ? @ 1.5
121.24E 25.09N ? @ 3 ? @ 3 ? @ 3
? @ 3.5 ? @ 3.5 ? @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5
? @ 7.5 ? @ 7.5 ? @ 7.5 ? @ 7.5
? @ 10 ? @ 10 ? @ 10 ? @ 10 1 @ 10
? @ 25 ? @ 25 ? @ 25 ? @ 25 ? @ 25
? @ 35 ? @ 35 ? @ 35 ? @ 35
? @ 50 ? @ 50 ? @ 50 ? @ 50 ? @ 50
? @ 100 ? @ 100 ? @ 100 ? @ 100 ? @ 100
Hsinchu BCC 1 @ 10 ? @ ?
Kaohsiung BCC 1 @ 3.5 ? @ ?
Taipei Civil Defence 1 @ ? 1 @ ? 1 @ ? 1 @ ?
Taipei VOR 1 @ 3 1 @ 3 1 @ 3 1 @ 3
1 @ 10 1 @ 10 1 @ 10 1 @ 10 1 @ 10
1 @ 16
Taipei Youth 1 @ .5 1 @ .5 1 @ .5 1 @ .5 1 @ .5
Taipei Police 1 @ 1 1 @ 1 1 @ 1 1 @ 1 1 @ 1
Taipei Army 1 @ 1.5
1 @ 3
Taichung Army 1 @ 1.5 1 @ 1.5
Hualien Army 1 @ 1.5 1 @ 1.5 1 @ 1.5
Tsoying Army 1 @ 1 1 @ 1 1 @ 1
Taipei AF 1 @ 7.5 1 @ 7.5 1 @ 7.5 1 @ 7.5 1 @ 7.5
Taichung AF 1 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5
Tainan AF 1 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5
Taipei AFRTS 1 @ 1 1 @ 1 1 @ 1 1 @ 1
Pa-Li RL 121.27E 3 @ 50 3 @ 50 3 @ 50
25.05N
==============================================================

Shortwave Stations in Taiwan – World Radio TV Handbook Entries
Continued

——————————————————————————————————————
Location Call 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981
——————————————————————————————————————
Taipei CBS 1 @ 3 1 @ 3 1 @ 3
1 @ 7.5 1 @ 7.5 1 @ 7.5 1 @ 7.5 1 @ 7.5
? @ 10 ? @ 10 ? @ 10 ? @ 10 ? @ 10
? @ 100 ? @ 100 ? @ 100 ? @ 100 ? @ 100
Taipei VOFC ? @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5 ? @ 3.5
? @ 10 ? @ 10 ? @ 10 ? @ 10 ? @ 10
? @ 25 ? @ 25 ? @ 25 ? @ 25 ? @ 25
? @ 50 ? @ 50 ? @ 50 ? @ 50 ? @ 50
? @ 100 ? @ 100 1 @ 100 1 @ 100 ? @ 100
? @ 250 ? @ 250 ? @ 250
Kaohsiung VOAsia 1 @ ? 1 @ 3.5
Taipei CD 1 @ ? 1 @ ? 1 @ ? 1 @ ? 1 @ ?
Taipei Police 1 @ 1 1 @ 1 1 @ 1 1 @ 1 1 @ 1
Taipei AF 1 @ 7.5 1 @ 7.5 1 @ 7.5 1 @ 7.5 1 @ 7.5
Taipei Youth 1 @ .5 1 @ .5 1 @ .5 1 @ .5 1 @ .5
Tainan AF 1 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5
Taichung AF 1 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5
==============================================================

Shortwave Stations in Taiwan – World Radio TV Handbook Entries
Continued
——————————————————————————————————————
Location Call 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986
——————————————————————————————————————
Taipei BCC 1 @ ?
Taipei CBS 1 @ 3 1 @ 3 1 @ 3
1 @ 7.5 1 @ 7.5 1 @ 7.5 1 @ 7.5 1 @ 7.5
? @ 10 ? @ 10 ? @ 10 ? @ 10 ? @ 10
? @ 100 ? @ 100 ? @ 100 ? @ 100 ? @ 100
Taipei VOFC ? @ 10 ? @ 10 ? @ 10 ? @ 10 ? @ 10
? @ 25
? @ 50 ? @ 50 ? @ 50 ? @ 50 ? @ 50
? @ 100 ? @ 100 ? @ 100 ? @ 100 ? @ 100
? @ 250 ? @ 250 ? @ 250 ? @ 250 ? @ 250
Kaohsiung VOAsia 1 @ 10 1 @ 10 1 @ 10 1 @ 10 1 @ 10
1 @ 100
Taipei CD 1 @ ?
Taipei Police 1 @ 1 1 @ 1
Taipei AF 1 @ 7.5 1 @ 7.5
Taipei Youth 1 @ .5 1 @ .5
Tainan AF 1 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5
Taichung AF 1 @ 3.5 1 @ 3.5
==============================================================


Shortwave Stations in Taiwan – World Radio TV Handbook Entries
Continued
——————————————————————————————————————
Location Call 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991
——————————————————————————————————————
Taitung BCC 3 @ ?
Taipei BCC 1 @ ?
Taipei CBS 1 @ 7.5
? @ 10 1 @ 10 1 @ 10 1 @ 10 1 @ 10
1 @ 20 1 @ 20 1 @ 20 1 @ 20
? @ 100 ? @ 100 ? @ 100 ? @ 100 ? @ 100
? @ 300 ? @ 300 ? @ 300 ? @ 300
Taipei VOFC ? @ 10 ? @ 10 ? @ 10 ? @ 10 ? @ 10
? @ 50 ? @ 50 ? @ 50 ? @ 50 ? @ 50
? @ 100 ? @ 100 ? @ 100 ? @ 100 ? @ 100
? @ 250 ? @ 250 ? @ 250 ? @ 250 ? @ 250
Taipei VOAsia 1 @ 10 1 @ 10 1 @ 10 1 @ 10
1 @ 100 1 @ 100 1 @ 100 1 @ 100 1 @ 100
==============================================================
Shortwave Stations in Taiwan – World Radio TV Handbook Entries
Continued

—————————————————————————————————————–
Location Call 1992 1993 1994 1995
——————————————————————————————————————
Taipei CBS 1 @ 10 1 @ 10 1 @ 10
1 @ 20 1 @ 20 1 @ 20
? @ 100 ? @ 100 ? @ 100
? @ 300 ? @ 300 ? @ 300
Anping VOFC ) ? @ 10 ? @ 10 ? @ 10
Pintung VOFC ) ? @ 50 ? @ 50 ? @ 50
? @ 100 ? @ 100 ? @ 100
? @ 250 ? @ 250 ? @250
Taipei VOAsia 1 @ 100 1 @ 100 1 @ 100
==============================================================


Shortwave Stations in Taiwan – World Radio TV Handbook Entries
Continued

——————————————————————————————————————
Location Call 1995 1996 1997
——————————————————————————————————————
Paochung BCC 2 @ 100 3 @ 100 4 @ 100
Annan BCC 1 @ 250 2 @ 250 3 @ 250
Pali BCC 2 @ 100 2 @ 100
Annan VOFC ) ? @ 50 ? @ 50 ? @ 50
Paochung VOFC ) ? @ 100 ? @ 100 ? @ 100
Minhsiung VOFC ) ? @ 250 ? @ 250 ? @ 250
Kaohsiung VOAsia 1 @ 100 1 @ 100 1 @ 100
Taipei CBS 1 @ 10 1 @ 10 1 @ 10
1 @ 20 1 @ 20
? @ 100 ? @ 100 ? @ 100
? @ 300 ? @ 300 ? @ 300
==============================================================

Shortwave Stations in Taiwan – World Radio TV Handbook Entries
Continued

——————————————————————————————————————
Location Call 1998
——————————————————————————————————————
Paochung BCC 4 @ 100
Annan BCC 3 @ 250
Taipei CBS 1 @ 2?
? @ 100
? @ 300
Annan 120.38E 22.11 N VOFC 4 @ 250
Paochung 120.18E 23.43N VOFC 2 @ 25
1 @ 50
4 @ 100
Minhsiung 120.25E 23.33N VOFC 1 @ 50
==============================================================


Shortwave Stations in Taiwan – World Radio TV Handbook Entries
Continued

——————————————————————————————————————
Location 1999 2000 2001 2002
——————————————————————————————————————
Tainan-Annan 4 @ 250 4 @ 250 4 @ 250 4 @ 250
120.38E 23.11N

Yunlin-Panchiao-Paochung 2 @ 25 2 @ 25
120.18E 23.43N 1 @ 50 1 @ 50
5 @ 100 2 @ 100 5 @ 100 5 @ 100
2 @ 150

Chiayi-Minhsiung 1 @ 50 1 @ 50 1 @ 50 1 @ 50
120.25E 23.33N

Fu Wei-Huwei 4 @ 100 11 @ 100 4 @ 100 4 @ 100
120.25E 23.43N 1 @ 300 1 @ 300 1 @ 300

Kouhu 3 @ 100 3 @ 100 3 @ 100

Wen Thain King-Tamsui- 3 @ 300 3 @ 300 3 @ 300
Tanshui 121.25E 25.15N 5 @ 10

Taipei-Pali 5 @ 100
121.26E 25.06N

Kaohsiung-Chingmei
121.32E 25.01N 1 @10
==============================================================


Specific Locations for Shortwave Stations in Taiwan

——————————————————————————————————————
Facility Station Era Co-ordinates Specific Locations
——————————————————————————————————————
Amoy XUPB 1947 Mainland opposite Taiwan
Annan BCC VOFC 1995 120.38E 23.11N 180 km N bottom tip, Coral Lake
Anping VOFC 1992 W coast 180 km N bottom tip
Chiayi VOFC 1957 240 km SW Taipei, 40 km inland
Chingmei VOFC 2000 121.32E 25.01N Near Taoyuan, W of Taipei
Fukien XUPA 1947 Mainland opposite Taiwan
Fu Wei VOFC 1999 120.25E 23.43N Apparently near Huwei
Hsinchu BCC 1974 75 km SW Taipei, near 2 rivers
Hualien Army 1960 140 km S Taipei on coast
Huwei VOFC 1999 120.25E 23.43N Central west coast 40 km inland
Kaohsiung VOFC 1977 W coast 120 km N bottom tip
Kaohsiung V of Asia 1980 Probably VOFC transmitter
Kouhu VOFC 1999 Not located
Minhsiung CBS VOFC 1977 120.25E 23.33N Apparently neara Chiayi
Pa Li RL 1963 121.27E 25.04N 20 km N Taipei, S edge estuary
Taipei Pa Li VOFC 2000 121.26E 25.06N Co-sited with VOFC Pa Li
Panchao VOFC RL 1957 121.24E 25.09N On western edge of Taipei
Panchiao VOFC RL 1957 Alternatie spelling for Panchao
Paochung VOFC 1998 120.18E 23.43N Very near Anping
Pintung VOFC 1992 Not located
Quemoy Army 1960 Chinese island on coast of China
Taichung VOFC 1957 160 km SW Taipei, 30 km inland
Tainan Air Force 1972 W coast 180 km N bottom tip
Taipei CBS 1977 Near Tanyuan, W of Taipei
Taipei VOFC 1972 121.24E 25.09N Near Taoyuan, W of Taipei
Taipei JFAB 1928 Presumed to be near Taipei
Taipei Police 1967 121.31E 25.01N In Taipei itself
Taitung BCC 1990 E coast 130 km N from bottom tip
Tamsui CBS VOFC 1977 20 km N Taipei, N edge estuary
Tanshui CBS VOFC 1998 Alternative spelling for Tamsui
Tien Ma VOFC 1988 Apparently quite close to Taipei
Tsoying 1955 W coast 120 km N bottom tip
Tyureki JIA 1937 Not located probably near Taipei
TYKH City 1954 Not located
Yunlin-Panchiao VOFC 1999 120.18E 23.43N Central W coast
Wen Thain King VOFC 1999 121.25E 25.15N Almost top of the island
==============================================================

Observations Regarding Locations of Shortwave Stations in Taiwan

——————————————————————————————————————
Location Station Observations Era
——————————————————————————————————————
Amoy XUPB Small local SW station, mainland China 1940’s & 1950’s
Annan VOFC BCC Large new SW station near Huwei 1995
Anping VOFC New VOFC station, SW coast 1992
Chiayi VOFC New main SW station VOFC near central W coast 1957
Chingmei VOFC Regional shortwave station, listed with Kaohsiung 2000
Fukien XUPA Small local shortwave station, mainland China 1940’s
Fu Wei VOFC Listed with Huwei 1999
Hsinchu BCC Regional shortwave station 75 km from Taipei 1974
Hualien Army Small local shortwave station 1960
Huwei VOFC Large new shortwave station 1999
Kaohsiung Army Small local shortwave station, near west coast 1955
Kaohsiung BCC Regional shortwave station (ex Army?) 1974
Kaohsiung V of Asia Low powered station beamed to mainland 1980
Kaohsiung V of Asia New transmitter for mainland coverage 1995
Kouhu VOFC Large new shortwave station 1999
Minhsiung VOFC New main SW station for VOFC near central W coast 1957
Pa Li RL New SW station north of Taipei on S edge of estuary 1966
Panchao VOFC Alternative spelling for Panchiao 1957
Panchiao RL New units at SW station on western edge Taipei 1963
Paochung BCC New SW station for national coverage near Anping 1995
Pintung VOFC New VOFC station 1992
Quemoy Army Local shortwave station on island off China coast 1960
Taichung Army Small local shortwave station 1957
Taichung Air Force Small local shortwave station 1967
Taichung VOFC New main SW station for VOFC near central W coast 1957
Taihoku JFA JIA Japanese name for Taipei Until 1945
Tainan Air Force Small local shortwave station 1970
Tainan VOFC Listed near Annan new shortwave station 1999
Taipei JFA JFB Presumed to be near Taipei Established before 1933
Taipei JIC-JFAB Not located, presumed to be near Taipei 1928
Taipei VOFC BCC Taipei, Tamsui, Minhsiung, Panchiao & Kaohsiung 1977
Taipei VOFC BCC Probably Pali, N of Taipei, S edge of estuary 1977
Taipei VoR Seems to use VOFC-BCC transmitters (Panchiao?) 1955
Taipei VOFC New 10 kW presumed to be near Taipei 1950
Taipei BCAF Local SW station presumed at air force base Taipei 1950
Taipei AFTRS Small local shortwave station 1956
Taipei Cheng Commercial station, apparently BCC SW transmitters 1957
Taipei Army Small local shortwave station 1959
Taipei Fu Hsing Small local religious shortwave station 1960
——————————————————————————————————————
Observations Regarding Locations of Shortwave Stations in Taiwan

Continued

——————————————————————————————————————
Location Station Observations Era
——————————————————————————————————————
Taipei TCBS Small local commercial shortwave station 1960
Taipei Youth Small local shortwave station 1965
Taipei Civil Defence Small local shortwave station 1973
Taipei V of Asia Probably new 100 kW units at Pa Li 1986
Taitung BCC Regional shortwave station 1990
Tansui VOFC BCC Alternative spelling of Tamsui 1999
Tamsui VOFC Large new shortwave station 1999
Tanshui VOFC BCC Alternative spelling for Tamsui 1999
Tien Ma VOFC Presumed to be very near Taipei, perhaps Panchiao 1988
Tsoying Navy Small local shortwave station 1955
Tyureki JIA Presumed to be near Taipei 1937
TYKH City Military Tso Ying Kao Hsung local SW station at military base 1954
Yunlin VOFC Listed near Panchiao 1999
Wen Thain King VOFC Listed with Tamsui 1999
==============================================================


Listed Co-ordinates for Shortwave Stations in Taiwan

——————————————————————————————————————
East North Source Stations Observations
——————————————————————————————————————
120.18 23.43 WRHB 98 Paochung (near Tainan) 4 @ 100 1 @ 50 2 @ 25
120.19 23.43 TDP 98 Yunlin-Panchiao-Paochung 4 @ 100 1 @ 50 2 @ 25

120.25 23.33 WRHB 98 Minhsiung 1 @ 50 kW
120.25 23.33 TDP 98 Chiayi-Minhsiung 1 @ 50 kW

120.25 23.43 TDP 98 Fu Wei-Huwei 4 @ 300 7 @ 100

120.38 23.11 WRHB 98 Annan 4 @ 250 kW
120.38 23.11 TDP 98 Tainan-Annan 4 @ 250 kW

121.24 25.09 WRHB 72 Taipei generic Near Taoyuan W of Taipei
121.24 25.09 WRHB 72 Taipei VOFC

121.25 25.15 TDP 98 Wen Thein King-Tamsui 5 @ 10 kW

121.27 25.05 WRHB 72 Pa-Li Radio Liberty 3 @ 50 kW
121.26 25.06 TDP 98 Taipei-Pali 5 @ 100 kW

121.31 25.03 WRHB 72 Voice of Righteousness Apparently Kaohsiung
121.32 25.01 TDP 98 Kaohsiung-Chingmei 1 @ 10 kW
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Note
It is impossible for Yunlin-Panchiao-Paochung to have the same co-ordinates. Panchiao is located on the western edge of Taipei, Paochung is located near Tainan, and Yunlin is not located. The co-ordinates show Paochung.

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