|This article was originally aired over Adventist World Radio’s “Wavescan” program and now forms part of the Radio Heritage Collection ©. All rights reserved to Ragusa Media Group, PO Box 14339, Wellington, New Zealand. This material is licenced on a non-exclusive basis to the South Pacific DX Resource hosted on www.radiodx.com for a period of 5 years from December 1 2003. Author: Adrian Peterson|
According to Greek mythology, the “phoenix” was a large and beautiful bird which could die in a fire and then arise as a new and young creature. Very little else is known about this mysterious bird.
Almost as mysterious is the story of the radio ship “Phoenix” which was fitted out with a bevy of electronic equipment to serve as a mobile broadcasting station. There are just two main sources for the brief story about the “Phoenix”; one is a university dissertation on the history of the Voice of America and the other is a brief reference in a book on the history of radio broadcasting from ships. All other references to VOA “Phoenix” seem to stem from these two earlier sources.
It is known that the “Phoenix” was not a war vessel, but rather a Greek merchant ship that was converted in the United States for use as a radio broadcasting station. Gerry Bishop, in his memorable compilation of radio ships with the title, “Offshore Radio”, refers to this Greek merchant vessel as the “Doddridge”, and then he briefly refers to the later ship, the “Courier”. It is suggested that in reality, the “Doddridge” became VOA “Phoenix”, not VOA “Courier”.
We could ask the question, What was the radio equipment on the “Phoenix”? The only information we can find is that it contained just one transmitter, rated at 85 kW. If this information is correct, then it was a mighty big transmitter for a small ship. It would seem that the only broadcast transmitter on the “Phoenix” was a mediumwave unit rather than shortwave.
The original purpose for the radio ship “Phoenix” was to act quickly as a temporary radio broadcasting station in the Mediterranean until a permanent station could be built at a satisfactory location. However, by the time the “Phoenix” was ready to fulfil its intended role in the Mediterranean, the European Conflict was almost over, and so the ship was then diverted for use in the Pacific.
The official date for the end of the European Conflict is given as May 8, 1945, so it would appear then that the “Phoenix” left the United States for its journey across the Pacific around March or April, 1945.
Actually, it is stated that the United States navy delayed giving approval for the ship to move into the Pacific and by the time it did arrive in Far Eastern waters, the war in the Pacific was over. However, it is understood that the “Phoenix” did go on the air with test broadcasts off the coast of California and also in Far Eastern waters. The fact that there are no known DX reports of these test broadcasts would seem to confirm that these were made on mediumwave rather than on shortwave.
What happened to the “Phoenix” after the war? and what happened to all of its electronic equipment? No one seems to know. What is known is that it was a slow ship and that it did go on the air with test broadcasts in the Pacific around mid 1945, though it is officially stated that the ship was never used for regular radio broadcasting. In addition, there are no known loggings of this ship broadcasting station in any radio magazines at the time.
It would appear then that the radio broadcasting ship.”Phoenix” was a temporary and very short lived project that never fully fulfilled its intended purposes.
Information & References
Ship Information & Reference
Doddridge Converted Greek merchant ship Project Vagabond A; VOA Piersein 170
Converted Greek merchant ship Project Vagabond A; USIA World 10-89 8 Converted Greek merchant ship; RA16 & 216 & 373 Converted Greek merchant ship; RMI60 & VOA Courier document
3805 ton Greek merchant Doddridge converted; Offshore Radio 8
Doddridge became Coastal Messenger & Courier (?); RA373
Phoenix Converted Greek merchant ship; VOA Piersein 170
Intended for quick fill-in usage until landbased station built; Piersein 170
Project Vagabond A 1951 developed from Phoenix; USIA World 10-89 8 Intended for Mediterranean, diverted to Pacific; VOA Persein 170
Intended for Mediterranean, diverted to Pacific; USIA World 10-89 8
Converted Greek ship, diverted from Mediterranean; BDXC 7-96 23
SS Phoenix slow ship, departure delayed by navy; VOA 97.001GJ 17-14
85 kW transmitter (maybe 8.5 kW ?); Bishop
By the time the ship arrived, the war was over; VOA Piersein 170
By the time the ship arrived, the war was over; USIA World 10-89 8
Test broadcasts off coast of USA & in Far East 1945; RMI60 2, RMI221 2