WW II – California on SW

This article was originally aried over AWR and now forms part of the Radio Heritage Collection ©. All rights reserved to Ragusa Media Group, PO Box 14339, Wellington, New Zealand. This material is licenced on a non-exclusive basis to South Pacific DX Resource hosted on radiodx.com for a period of five years from July 1 2002. Author: Adrian Peterson

World War 2 Memorabilia – California on Shortwave

At the time when the Pacific War flared up to an international conflict in December of 1941, the United States government did not own nor operate any shortwave broadcasting stations on the west coast for coverage into Asia and the Pacific. However, by the end of hostilities, a total of a dozen different transmitter locations had been pressed into broadcast usage during that dramatic four year period.

A spate of intensive research into the available radio publications of that era indicates that the programming of the Voice of America VOA and the Armed Forces Radio Service AFRS was on the air during that dramatic time period from as many as 50 different shortwave transmitters at the dozen shortwave locations, all in California. This is the story.

The only shortwave broadcasting station in California at the time was KGEI, a General Electric facility that was launched as W6XBE in 1939 at the World’s Fair on Treasure Island. After the Fair was over, the station was renamed as KGEI and transferred to Belmont, a little south of San Francisco.

In 1942, this station, along with many others along the eastern seaboard and in the mid west, were all taken over by the government for use with OWI-VOA programming. In order to secure adequate coverage into Asia and the Pacific, the government contracted the usage of several utility transmitters that were already on the air with communication traffic.

Most notable of these station were the following:-
RCA station at Bolinas (bol-EE-nas),
AT&T station at Dixon,
Press Wireless station near Los Angeles.

The RCA station at Bolinas was a long established facility and it had often been heard in pre-war days with the relay of radio programming to and from Hawaii and other countries on the Pacific rim. Over a period of time, several of the Bolinas transrnitters were noted with OWI-VOA programming.

Early in 1942, an additional 50 kW RCA transmitter was installed at Bolinas and this was noted with radio broadcast programming under the callsign KRCA. A sister unit was installed three years later and this was allocated the callsign KRCQ. QSL cards were issued to verify several of the Bolinas callsigns, including KES2, KES3, and KRCA.

The utility station at Dixon was owned and operated by the telephone company AT&T and this was on the air with OWI-VOA programmmng under six different callsigns, four of which were verified with the now famous red white and blue QSL cards. The callsigns on these cards are KMI, KWU, KWV and KWY.

The Press Wireless facility was located near Los Angeles and two of its transmitters were in use with wartime prgramming, one of which was verified with a QSL card, station KJE8.

Additional shortwave transmitters in California also carried the VOA-AFRS programming, though little is known about these stations. The U. S. navy wireless station at San Francisco was noted with the relay of AFRS programming, as were also station KZH and KNY, the specific locations of which are unknown.

At the same time as contract radio coverage was taken out over these many utility transmitters, plans were laid for the quick installation of additional shortwave transmitters at already established locations specifically for broadcast coverage. The first of these new units was station KWID.

The 100 kW transmitter for KWID was co-located with a mediumwave station KSFO at Islais Creek and the studios were installed in the Mark Hopkins Hotel on the seafront edge of San Francisco. A 50 kW sister transmitter KWIX was installed at this same location during the following year.

Another utility station was the Mackay facility located at Palo Alto and two new transmitters at 50 kW were installed here under the callsigns KROJ and KROU. These units left the air for ever after the end of the war.

In addition to these smaller units, two large shortwave stations were built specifically for trans-Pacific broadcast coverage and these were the CBS station at Delano (de-LAH-no) and the NBC facility at Dixon. The Delano station was inaugurated in 1944 as KCBA and the Dixon station was inaugurated in 1945 as KNBA.

Interestingly, only one of these many historic radio stations is on the air today with broadcast programming and that is the very large Voice of America station located in a country area near Delano, north east of Los Angeles in southern California.

During this hectic four year period when all of these many shortwave transmitters were in use with radio programming, they were heard far and wide throughout the Pacific rim, as well as in Europe and elsewhere. Many thousands of QSL cards were processed for these stations, and the AWR collection in Indianapolis contains a large album with nearly 50 of these neat red white a blue QSL cards, each with its own distinctive callsign.

Time Lines

Location Call Dates Call Dates Call Dates
Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941
Declaration of Peace August 14, 1945

Utility Stations
Bolinas KEB 1944-1944 KEE 1941-1942 KEI 1943-1943
KEJ 1942-1944 KEL 1942-1944 KEN 1942-1942
KER 1942-1945 KES 1942-1942 KES2 1942-1945
KES3 1942-1945 KET 1942-1943 KEZ 1942-1942
KKQ 1942-1942 KKR 1943-1944 KKW 1942-1945
KKZ 1942-1943 KLL 1942-1943 KQJ 1945-1945 KNBC 1942-1942 KRCA 1942-1945 KRCQ 1945-1945
Dixon-1 KMI 1944-1945 KMI2 1944-1945 KWD 1942-1942
KWU 1942-1945 KWV 1942-1945 KWY 1942-1945

L Angeles KJE8 1942-1942 KJE9 1942-1942 KTG3 1942-1942

S Frisco KZH 1942-1942

Navy Cal Navy 1942-1942

S Frisco KNY 1944-1945 KNY2 1944-1944


Broadcasting Stations

Belmont KGEI 1942-1945 GE-A 1943-1943 KGEX 1943-1945

Islais Crk KWID 1942-1945 KWIX 1943-1945

Palo Alto KROJ 1943-1945 KROU 1945-1945

Delano KCBA 1944-1945 KCBF 1944-1945 KCBR 1945-1945 KGEO 1945-1945

Dixon-2 KNBA 1945-1945 KNBI 1945-1945 KNBX 1945-1945

California on Shortwave – World War 2

References

Location Call Reference
Treasure Island – GE
GE Two (?) GE SW stations under construction west coast; LI 79.24 6-38
W6XBE 9530 15330 20 kW Treasure Island licence granted 19-7-37; Kent 189
W5XBE purpose to supplement GE service to Orient; Kent 189
W6XBE 20 kW under construction at Belmont; RN 10-38 32
W6XBE 15330 1st test heard in Aust Feb 18; R&H 79.11 4-39 48
W6XBE station opened 18-2-39 as showcase for GE products; Kent 189
W6XBE antennas SA & FE 70 ft towers across Ferry Terminal; Kent 189
W6XBE went on air opening of Exhibition on 18-2-39 20 kW; RN 5-39 42
W6XBE Mar 28 9530 began 20 kW Alexanderson antenna; R&H 79.11 5-39 54
W6XBE 1st regular broadcast; relay KGO/KPO & own 2-3-39; AMP VOA 18
W6XBE 15330 31.48 now best American signal; R&H 79.11 5-39 52
(KGEI) Many programs to US troops Pacific before Pearl Harbor; DeLay 42
W6XBE official inauguration Palace of Electricity 10-6-39; AMP VOA 18
W6XBE QSL letters then cards; RN 6-39 45
W6XBE 4 day international DX convention 11-7-39; AMP VOA document 18
W6XBE QSL K. Mc. Vic; R&H 79.11 8-39 54
W6XBE = KGEI; R&H 79.11 9-39 53
W6XBE = KGEI 1-9-39; AMP VOA document 18
W6XBE Japanese began jamming; Kent 189
W6XBE QSL Lee NSW; R&H 79.11 10-39 53
W6XBE hopes for permanent location on Treasure Island; RN 10-39 43
W6XBE QSL Clack NSW; R&H 79.11 11-39 53
W6XBE becomes KGEI; RN 11-39 41
KGEI 9.78 m (30675) harminic; ARW 1-12-39 34
KGEI 9530 31.48 & 15330 19.57; R&H 79.11 3-40 61
KGEI finds lost infant; R&H 79.12 2-41 57
KGEI Treasure Island 9530 9670 15330 31.48 31.02 19.57; R&H 79.11 1-41 56
KGEI closed at Treasure Island 1941 moved to Belmont; AMP VOA document 18
KGEI 9670 15330 31.02 19.57 Treasure Island final entry; R&H 79.11 6-41 56

Belmont – GE
KGEI see VOA documents
KGEI located adjacent to KPO at Bay Shore Belmont; Schneider 8
KGEI increased to 50 kW installed at Belmont; AMP VOA document 18
KGEI installs studios in Fairmouint Hotel 1941; AMP VOA document 18
KGEI taken over by Associated Broadcasters 1941; AMP VOA document 18
KGEI 9670 31.02 Belmont 1st broadcast 12-6-41; R&H 79.11 7-41 56
KGEI moved to Belmont 9-42 (incorrect); Kent 190
KGEI Belmont 9670 31.02 & 15330 19.57; R&H 79.11 9-41 56
KGEI Belmont 2 HP RCA P2P transmitters begin relay 1-42; Kent 189
KGEI P2P relays 1-42 monitoring shows KEE KEJ KEL KEN KER KES KEZ KKQ
KGEI taken over by OWI 24-2-42; AMP VOA document 18
KGEI relay from Fairmount in JJ & EE; ARW 77.8 2-42 26
KGEI numerous channels, obviously from Bolinas also; ARW 77.8 3-42 26
KGEI Fairmount Hotel; ARW 77.8 6-42 22
KGEI using RCA transmitters (for relay); R&H 79,12 8-42 47
KGEI network, only KGEI will QSL; R&H 79.12 9-42 48
XGEI in Kunming; R&H 79.12 9-42 49
KGEI MacArthur asks to counter JJ propaganda attack on Philippines; Kent 190
KGEI 3 RCA trasnmitters taken into relay; Kent 190
KGEI P2P monitoring shows KEI KES2 KES3 KET
KGEI QSL card; R&H 79.12 5-43 42
KGEI letter QSLs; R&H 79.12 8-43 42
KGEI QSL cards; R&H 79.12 9-43 36
KGEI QSL address Fairmount Hotel; R&H 79.12 9-43 36
KGEI QSL cards; R&H 79.12 1-44 36
KGEI QSL cards; R&H 79.12 2-44 36
KGEI QSL cards; R&H 79.12 5-44 36
KGEI QSL cards; R&H 79.12 7-44 36
KGEI new QSL card showing aerials; R&H 79.12 10-44 36
KGEI carried McArthur’s famous I will return; Schneider 8
KGEI QSLs KGEI; R&H 77.10 3-46 54
KGEI still operated by GE; WRTVHB 1947 67
KGEI in use for AFRS only this year only; WRTVHB 1949 67
KGEI becomes KGEI1 1-1-51; AMP VOA document
KGEI released from VOA service 1-7-53; AMP VOA document 18
KGEI 9550 University of the Air to LA; WRTVHB 1955 110
KGEI 15290 50 kW, plans for new 100kW; WRTVHB 1956 119
KGEI closed 30-11-56; AMP VOA document 18
KGEI closed December; R&H 77.14 1-57 98
KGEI re-activated by GE Dec 58; AMP VOA document 18
KGEI 17800 50 kW Voice of Friendship; WRTVHB 1959 134
KGEI 17800 re-activated Voice of Friendship; R&H 77.14 1-59 98
KGEI 17795 50 kW Voice of Freindship; WRTVHB 1960 144
KGEI bought by FEBC 4-60; AMP VOA document 18
KGEI 15225 50 kW FEBC; WRTVHB 1961 158
KGEI re-taken VOA service one month Cuba crisis 10-62; AMP VOA 18
KGEI closed 31-7-94; AMP VOA document 18
KGEI W6XBE=KGEI=KGEI1 donated to TWR Manzini


Belmont – GE
A KGEX GE call A on 25.33; ARW 77.8 6-43 22
KGEX Frisco 15300 heard Jun 27 1944 as A ; ARW 77.8 7-44 25
KGEX new 100 kW GE commissioned 1-7-44; AMP VOA document
KGEX new; R&H 79.12 8-44 34
KGEX QSL card Ernie Moore Q; LI 79.24 14-7-45
KGEX QSLs; R&H 7-46 63
KGEX in use for AFRS only one year only; WRTVHB 1949 67
KGEX becomes KGEI2 1-1-51; AMP VOA document 18
KGEI2 released from VOA service 1-7-53; AMP VOA document 18
KGEI2 closed 30-11-56; AMP VOA document 18
KGEI2 re-activated (tests only) by GE 12-2-58; AMP VOA document 18
KGEI2 = KGEX moved to VOA Okinawa as OKI5 1959; AMP VOA document 18
KGEX = KGEI2 = OKI5 = KFBS1 Saipan; AMP VOA document 18

Belmont – GE
KGEI3 new 250 kW test broadcasts 5-71; AMP VOA document 18
KGEI3 new hi-gain curtain activated 6-3-83; AMP VOA document 18
KGEI3 closed 31-7-94; AMP VOA document 18
KGEI3 donated to Calvary Baptist Cedar Falls Iowa; AMP VOA document 18
KGEI3 antenna

Bolinas – RCA
VOA Documents & books
RCA facility; 1933 SWL&CB 4
KEB 48.71 (6160) RCA; 1933 SWL&CB 4
KEB 16 outlets with 3 letter calls 10 kW?; LI, ARW, R&H 1942-45
KEB 6890 (43.54) Bolinas phone tests KAZ-PLV; LI 79.23 3-10-36 40
KEB 6890 43.54Bolinas phone; LI 79.24 +3-12-37
KEB (6890) 43.54 Bolinas SW news; LI 79.24 5-8-44
KEB Bikini relay; R&H 79.123 8-46 63

Bolinas – RCA
KEC 5105 phone 1937 AMPRD 117

Bolinas – RCA
KEE 38.85 (7722) RCA; 1933 SWL&CB 4
KEE 38.89 7715 Bolinas irregular tests; LI 79.23 1-9-34 43
KEE 7715 38.89 Bolinas phone relays to Hawaii seasonally; LI 79.23 3-10-36 38
KEE 7715 (38.89) relay NBC & CBS irregularly; 1937 AMPRD 551
KEE 7715 38.89 Bolinas phone China & Hawaii; LI 79.24 +3-12-37
KEE 7715 38.89 Bolinas CBS relay to Hawaii Apr 13; R&H 79.11 5-41 53
KEE 7715 Bolinas relay from KGEI Fairmount in JJ & EE; ARW 77.8 2-42 26

Bolinas – RCA
KEF 6710 phone 1935 AMPRD

Bolinas – RCA
KEI 28.24 (10623) RCA; 1933 SWL&CB 4
KEI 9490 31.59 Bolinas phone; LI 79.23 5-10-35 44
KEI 9490 31.61 Bolinas phone Indo-China & Manchukuo; LI 79.24 +3-12-37
KEI 9490 31.61 Bolinas Hitler speech; R&H 79.11 6-39 60
KEI 9490 31.61 Bolinas Friday relay; R&H 79.11 12-39 51
KEI 9490 31.61 Bolinas special programs on Sundays; R&H 1-41 56
KEI Bolinas heard previously in relay to Hawaii; R&H 79.11 4-41 53
KEI 9490 Bolinas relay KGEI; ARW 77.8 1-43 24
KEI 9490 Bolinas replaced KET; ARW 77.8 2-43 24
KEI 9490 31.61 Bolinas relay KGEI; R&H 79.12 4-43 45
KEI 9490 31.61 relay KGEI final entry; R&H 79.12 5-43 44
KEI became KRCA on 26-1-43 (?) 9490; Letter to ATC Hocken

Bolinas – RCA
KEJ 9010 (33.30) phone; 1933 AMPRD 117
KEJ 9010 33.30 Bolinas irregular tests; LI 79.23 1-9-34 43
KEJ 9010 33.30 Bolinas broadcast relay NBC CBS; LI 79.23 5-10-35 44
KEJ 9010 20 – 40 kW address KEL; 1936 AMPRD 94
KEJ 9010 33.30 Bolinas phone relays programs to Hawaii; LI 79.23 3-10-36 38
KEJ 9010 relay NBC & CBS; 1937 AMPRD 551
KEJ 9010 33.30 Bolinas phone Java & Hawaii; LI 79.24 +3-12-37
KEJ 9010 Bolinas relay from KGEI Fairmount in JJ & EE; ARW 77.8 2-42 26
KEJ 33.30 Bolinas SW news; LI 79.24 5-8-44
KEJ QSL card H. L. Lackie; R&H 77.10 7-46 63
KEJ Bikini relay; R&H 79.13 8-46 63

Bolinas – RCA
KEK 33.29 RCA 1933 SWL&CB 4

Bolinas – RCA
KEL 43.7 contact Japan, Manila, Shanghai; 79.23 LI 2-5-31 48
KEL 43.46 April KEL relay NBC to Japan speeches music; 79.23 LI 9-5-31 48
KEL 6860 QSL Frisco Trans-Pacific phone broadcasts; LI 79.23 26-9-31 48
KEL 6865 broadcasting station; 1932 AMPRD 1
KEL 42.73 7020 kHz 1933 SWL&CB 4
KEL 6860 phone; 1934 WRTVHB 88
KEL 6860 43.73 Bolinas phone tests KAZ-PLV; LI 79.23 3-10-36 40
KEL 6860 43.73 Bolinas phone & tests KAZ-PLV; LI 79.24 +3-12-37
KEL 6860 Bolinas relay from KGEI Fairmount in JJ & EE; ARW 77.8 2-42 26
KEL 6860 43.77 Bolinas relay KGEI; R&H 79.11 2-42 56
KEL 6860 KEN KER KES KEZ KKQ relay KGEI; R&H 79.11 3-42 56
KEL 6860 RCA relay KWID; R&H 8-42 47
KEL 6890 43.73 San Francisco invasion news final entry R&H 79.12 4-44 37
KEL Bikimi relay; R&H 79.13 8-36 63

Bolinas – RCA
KEM 1936 RCA; 1933SWL&CB 4

Bolinas – RCA
KEN 43.82 RCA; 1933 SWL&CB 4
KEN called by WQO phone; LI 79.23 9-2-35 57
KEN 6845 43.83 Bolinas phone irregular; LI 79.23 3-10-36 40
KEN 6845 43.83 Bolinas phone Manchukuo & USA; LI 79.24 +3-12-37
KEN 6845 KEL KER KES KEZ KKQ relay KGEI; R&H 79.11 3-42 56

Bolinas – RCA
KER 28.84 RCA; 1933 SWL&CB 4
KER 10390 28.87 Bolinas phone Far East; LI 79.23 3-10-36 36
KER 10390 28.87 Bolinas phone Philippijes; LI 79.24 +3-12-37
KER 10390 Bolinas relay from KGEI Fairmount in JJ & EE; ARW 77.8 2-42 26
KER 10390 28.87 Bolinas hired by GE to relay KGEI; R&H 79.11 2-42 56
KER 6845 KEL KEN KES KEZ KKQ relay KGEI; R&H 79.11 3-42 56
KER 10390 28.87 Frisco relay to RCA & KU5Q final entry; R&H 79.13 7-45 37

Bolinas – RCA
KES 28.80 RCA; 1933 SWL&CB 4
KES 10410 kHz experimental; 1934 AMPRD 88
KES 10410 28.80 Bolinas broadcast & tests; LI 79.23 5-10-35 42
KES 10410 28.80 Bolinas 40 kW (wrong ID KET); AMPRD 1936 95
KES 10410 28.82 phone S America Far East irregular; LI 79.23 3-10-36 36
KES 10410 28.82 Bolinas phone Japan; LI 79.24 +3-12-37
KES 10410 Bolinas relay from KGEI Fairmount in JJ & EE; ARW 77.8 2-42 26
KES 10410 KEN KER KEL KEZ KKQ relay KGEI; R&H 79.11 3-42 56
KES beamed to Hawaii; VOA document 84.157

Bolinas – RCA
KES2 RCA P2P; RN 7-46 120
KES2 8930 relay KWID; R&H 79.12 10-42 48
KES2 8930 33.59 Bolinas RCA relay KWID; ARW 77.8 10-42 20
KES2 8930 33.59 Bolinas relay KWID; ARW 77.8 10-42 22
KES2 8930 33.59 relay KWID; ARW 77.8 11-42 21
KES2 8930 33.59 Bolinas relay KWID; ARW 77.8 12-42 22
KES2 KWID KWV KES3 KWY KRCA KGEI schedule; R&H 79.12 6-43 41
KES2 8930 33.59 SW relay news to NEI; LI 79.24 5-8-44
KES2 33.58 San Francisco SW news (wrong ID KES3) ; LI 79.24 5-8-44
KES2 8930 33.59 to NEI KES3 KWV KRCA; ARW 77.8 12-44 31
KES2 33.58 relay KRCA; LI 79.24 16-6-45
KES2 8930 33.59 San Francisco final entry; R&H 79.13 9-45 37
KES2 replaced by KMI2 in Oriental languages; R&H 79.13 10-45 36
KES2 RCA San Francisco receives from WXLJ Shanghai; RN 7-46 50
KES2 Bikini relay; R&H 79.13 8-46 63

Bolinas – RCA
KES3 10620 relay KWID; ARW 77.8 10-42 20
KES3 10620 28.25 Bolinas relay KWID; ARW 77.8 10-42 22
KES3 10620 28.25 Bolinas relay KWID; R&H 79.12 4-43 45
KES3 KWID KWV KES2 KWY KRCA KGEI scheduke; R&H 79.12 6-43 41
KES3 10620 28.25 San Francisco relay KGEI; ARW 77.8 1-44 21
KES3 28.25 KWU KRCA KWV; ARW 77.8 6-44 24
KES3 33.58 San Francisco SW news (wrong ID for KES2) ; LI 79.24 5-8-44
KES3 10620 21-9-44 Red White Blue card Alex Allan; Hocken
KES3 10620 28.25 Morse QRM KEL KRCA KWV; ARW 77.8 10-44 24
KES3 10620 28.25 relay to Philippines KES2 KWV KRCA; ARW 77.8 12-44 31
KES3 10620 replaced by KCBF; R&H 79.13 3-45 36
KES3 10620 28.25 San Francisco final entry; R&H 79.13 9-45 37
KES3 Bikini relay; R&H 79.133333 8-46 63
KES3 QSL card 21-9-44 Alex Alan

Bolinas – RCA
KET RCA 4 kW spark; AMPRD 1923 Maritime Yearbook
KET 9480 phone; 1935 AMPRD 117
KET 9480 31.63 Bolinas phone; LI 79.23 5-10-35 44
KET 10410 28.80 Bolinas 40 kW (wrong ID KES);AMPRD 1936 95
KET 9480 31.65 Bolinas phone Australia & Hawaii; LI 79.24 +3-12-37
KET testing with music; R&H 79.12 6-42 47
KET 9479 31.65 Bolinas fair signal in Australia; R&H 79.12 6-42 50
KET 9480 31.65 Bolinas relay KWID & KGEI; ARW 77.8 9-42 22
KET 9480 RCA relay KWID; R&H 79.12 8-42 47
KET 9480 31.65 Bolinas relay KWID; ARW 77.8 12-42 22
KET 9480 31.65 San Francisco relay KWID final entry; R&H 79.12 12-42 50
KET 31.65 replaced by KEI 9490 Bolinas; ARW 77.8 2-43 24

Bolinas – RCA
KEX 23.846 RCA; 1933 SWL&CB 4

Bolinas – RCA
KEZ 28.80 Bolinas California testing; L:I 79.23 6-6-31 36
KEZ 29 approx Bolinas testing with Japan & Bangkok; LI 79.23 13-6-31 51
KEZ testing with HSJ Siam not used for broadcasting; LI 79.23 29-8-31 51
KEZ 10400 28.85 Bolinas experimental; LI 79.23 1-9-34 41
KEZ 10400 phone (Dixon?); 1935 AMPRD 117
KEZ 10400 28.85 Bolinas 40 kW RCA; AMPRD 1936 95
KEZ 10400 28.85 Bolinas phone Hawaii Far East irregular; LI 79.23 3-10-36
KEZ 10400 28.85 Bolinas phone China & Argentina; LI 79.24 +3-12-37
KEZ 10400 Bolinas relay from KGEI Fairmount in JJ & EE; ARW 77.8 2-42 26
KEZ 10400 KEN KER KES KEL KKQ relay KGEI; R&H 79.11 3-42 56
KEZ 10400 28.85 San Francisco relay KWID final entry; R&H 79.12 12-42 50

Bolinas – RCA
KKL 19.38 RCA; 1933 SWL&CB 8
KKL RCA P2P; RN 7-47 120
KKL 15475 19.39 Bolinas phone Manila & Japan; LI 79.23 3-10-36 34
KKL 15475 19.39 Bolinas phone Indo-China & Manila; LI 79.24 +3-12-37
KKL & KES2 are RCA San Francisco, occasional relay with KU5Q; RN 7-46 50

Bolinas – RCA
KKQ 25.10 RCA; 1933 SWL&CB 8
KKQ 11950 25.10 Bolinas tests irregularly; LI 79.23 1-9-34 40
KKQ Bolinas relay calling Hawaiian music from KKH Hawaii; LI 79.23 16-4-36 60
KKQ 11950 25.11 Bolinas phone program relays to Hawaii; LI 79.23 3-10-36 36
KKQ 25.10 olinas San Francisco broadcasts on Sundays; LI 79.23 13-2-37 50
KKQ 11950 25.11 Bolinas phone Hawaii; 79.24 LI +3-12-37
KKQ 11950 25.11 Bolinas relay to Hawaii; R&H 79.11 12-39 51
KKQ 11950 25.11 Bolinas heard occasional Sundays; R&H 79.11 1-41 56
KKQ 11950 Bolinas relay KGEI Fairmount news in JJ & EE; ARW 77.8 2-42 26
KKQ 11950 KEL KEN KER KES KEZ relay KGEI; R&H 79.11 3-42 56
KKQ 25.11 Bolinas news from KGEI Fairmount; ARW 77.8 4-42 22
KKQ 11950 25.11 Bolinas with news from Fairmount Hotel; ARW 77.8 5-42 22
KKQ 11950 25.11 Bolinas “Lucky Strike” program news relay; ARW 77.8 8-42 24
KKQ 11950 25.11 Bolinas program network final entry; R&H 79.12 8-42 50

Bolinas – RCA
KKR 19.40 RCA; 1933 SWL&CB 8
KKR 15460 19.41 Bolinas phone Manila & Japan; LI 79.23 3-10-36 34
KKR 15460 19.41 Bolinas phone Philippines & Japan; LI 79.24 +3-12-37
KKR 15460 19.40 San Francisco new, news commentaries; R&H 79.12 12-43 36
KKR 15460 19.40 San Francisco news & commentaries; R&H 79.12 12-43 38
KKR 15460 19.4 Bolinas broadcasting final entry; ARW 77.8 1-44 21

Bolinas – RCA
KKW 21.7 Bolinas (Volinas); LI 79.23 26-11-32 53
KKW 13780 phone; 1935 AMPRD 117
KKW 13780 21.77 Bolinas phone tests & special relays; LI 79.23 3-10-36 34
KKW 13780 21.77 Bolinas phone Australia & Philippines; LI 79.24 +3-12-37
KKW 13780 21.77 Bolinas point to point program final entry R& H 79.13 9-45 37
KKW sponsored program; R&H 79.13 10-45 35
Bolinas – RCA
KKZ 13699 Bolinas tests irregular; LI 79.23 1-9-34 40
KKZ 13690 phone; 1935 WRTVHB 117
KKZ 13690 21.91 Bolinas phone tests Japan Java Honolulu; Li 79.23 3-10-36 34
KKZ 13690 21.91 phone Manchukuo & Hawaii; LI 79.24 +3-12-37
KKZ 13690 (Honolulu) broadcast Hitler speech; R&H 79.11 6-39 60
KKZ 13690 21.91 Bolinas relay to Hawaii Sundays; R&H 79.11 9-39 56
KKZ 13690 21.91 Bolinas relay CBS to Hawaii Sunday; R&H 79.11 10-39 56
KKZ 13690 21.91 Bolinas special relay to Hawaii Sunday; ARW 77.8 1-11-39 34
KKZ 13690 21.91 Bolinas one Sunday relay to Hawaii; R&H 79.11 12-39 51
KKZ 13690 21.91 Bolinas Sundays; ARW 77.8 10-40 32
KKZ 13690 21.91 Bolinas RCA point-point programs Hawaii; R&H 77.10 1-40 69
KKZ 13690 21.91 Bolinas; ARW 77.8 8-42 24
KKZ 13700 21.90 Bolinas point-point news relay final entry; R&H 79.12 4-43 45

Bolinas – RCA
KLL 21.85; 1933 SWL&CB 8
KLL 13720 21.87 Bolinas phone special relays tests; LI 79.23 3-10-36 34
KLL 13720 21.87 Bolinas phone Japan; LI 79.24 +3-12-37
KLL 21.87 Bolinas relay to Hawaii; R&H 79.12 11-42 47
KLL 13740 21.87 Bolinas point-point; R&H 79.12 11-42 50
KLL 13740 21.87 Bolinas point to point relay final entry; R&H 79.12 4-43 45

Bolinas – RCA
KMM 1443 RCA; SWL&CB 8

Bolinas – RCA
KPH RCA controlled from Frisco 300 w; AMPRD 1923 Maritime Yearbook
KPH 10 channels; RCA 1933 SWL&CB 8
KPH revived for special Morse broadcast 13-7-2000; QSL form

Bolinas – RCA
KQG 16,97 RCA; 1933 SWL&CB 8

Bolinas – RCA
KQJ 16.61 RCA; 1933 SWL&CB 8
KQJ 40 kW 18020 RCA; 1933 SWL&CB 8
KQJ San Francisco 18020 good strength; ARW 77.8 9-45 32

Bolinas – RCA
KQR 16.63 RCA; 1933 SWL&BC 8

Bolinas – RCA
KQZ 16.68 RCA; 1933 SWL&CB 8
KQZ 17980 16.69 Bolinas phone; LI 79.23 5-10-35 40
KQZ 17980 16.69 Bolinas experimental tests relays to LSY; LI 79.23 3-10-36 32
KQZ 17980 16.69 Bolinas experimental China; LI 79.24 +3-12-37

Bolinas – RCA
KSS 14.40 RCA; 1933 SWL&CB 8

Bolinas – RCA
KUM 16.61 RCA 1933 SWL&CB 8

Bolinas – RCA
KWE 19.44 RCA; SWL&CB 8

Bolinas – RCA
KWK RCA; 1933 SWL&CB 8

Bolinas – RCA
KNBC temporary callsign 2 channels; R&H 79.12 4-42 52
KNBC reported as testing 12862 & 9135; R&H 79.12 4-42 54
KNBC reported as testing 12862 & 9135; R&H 77.10 6-42 48

Bolinas – RCA
KRCA was KEI changed 26-1-43 (?); ATC letter Hocken
KRCA 9480 31.65 San Franciso news relay; ARW 77.8 4-42 22
KRCA 9480 31.65 Frisco news relay; ARW 77.8 5-42 22
KRCA parallel KEI & KEL, 1st entry in R&H; R&H 77.10 5-42 57
KRCA 9480 31.65 San Francisco news relay; ARW 77.8 6-42 23
KRCA 31.6 m relay NBC New York; R&H 79.12 6-42 47
KRCA 9010 33.29 Bolinas RCA relay; R&H 79.12 6-42 50
KRCA 9991 31.80 Bolinas NBC relay once a week; R&H 79.12 6-42 50
KRCA 9480 31.65 news relay; ARW 77.8 8-42 24
KRCA 6860 43.73 Bolinas relay KWID; R&H 79.12 8-42 50
KRCA 31.61 evening transmission; ARW 77.8 6-43 22
KRCA 9490 31.61; ARW 77.8 5-43 23
KRCA relay KGEI program schedule; R&H 79.12 6-43 41
KRCA QSL card; R&H 79.12 8-43 42
KRCA QSL Nolan; R&H 79.12 9-43 36
KRCA 9490 31.61 relay KGEI; R&H 79.12 10-43 38
KRCA relay KWIX; R&H 79.12 10-43 36
KRCA QSL address 111 Sutter San Francisco; R&H 79.12 11-43 36
VOA QSLs Cushen letter of request; R&H 79.12 11-43 35
KRCA QSL Lee; R&H 79.12 11-43 36
KRCA QSL cards Jones & De Lisle; R&H 79.12 5-44 36
KRCA 31.61; ARW 78.2 6-44 24
KRCA 9490 31.61 parallel with KWV; 77.8 ARW 10-44 24
KRCA 9490 31.61 relay to NEI; ARW 77.8 12-44 31
KRCA 26.92 parallel KES2; LI 79.24 16-6-45
KRCA 15120 reported by Basil Coombe; LI 79.24 30-6-45
KRCA 15120 19.84 San Francisco; R&H 79.13 7-45 37
KRCA 11040 26.92 San Francisco; R&H 79.13 7-45 37
KRCA 15120 19.84 San Francisco final entry; R&H 79.13 9-45 37
KRCA 11040 26.92 San Francisco final entry; R&H 79.13 9-45 37
KRCA QSL Cushen; R&H 77.10 4-46 50

Bolinas – RCA
KRCQ 15120; R&H 79.13 7-45 36
KRCQ 15120 in VOA schedule; R&H 79.13 8-45 35
KRCQ 15120 San Francisco good signal; R&H 79.13 9-45 37
KRCQ 15120 final entry; R&H 79.13 10-45 35

Delano – CBS
CBS facility; VOA Station Profile
KGEO new call CBS relay heard by Rex Gillett; R&H 79.13 2-45 36
KGEO 15270 San Francisco CBS United Net call in doubt; R&H 79.12 2-45 38
(KGEO) 15270 San Francisco KCBA channel; R&H 79.23 3-45 37

Delano – CBS
United Network QSL card, map of all Americas; CPRV page
(KGEO) 15270 San Francisco KCBA channel; R&H 79.23 3-45 37
KCBA Delano 50 kW RCA CBS activated 11-44; VOA yellow sheet
KCBA 50 kW activated Nov 1944; VOA Station Profile
KCBA 11145 twin relay KCBF good level; R&H 79.13 2-45 36
KCBA 15270 = CBS; R&H 79.13 3-45 36
KCBA San Francisco 5 channels; R&H 79.23 3-45 37
KCBA & KCBF co-channel 15150 Philippines & Japan; ARW 77.8 10-46 40
KCBA = KCBR2 1-1-51; AMP VOA document 19
KCBR2 = VOA DL2; 1-11-63; AMP VOA document 19

Delano – CBS
KCBF Delano 50 kW RCA CBS activated 11-44; VOA yellow sheet
KCBF 50 kW activated Nov 1944; VOA Station Profile
KCBF 9750 twin relay KCBA good level; R&H 79.13 2-45 36
KCBF 10630 new channel replacing KES3 channel; R&H 79.13 3-45 36
KCBF San Francisco 4 channels; R&H 79.13 3-45 37
KCBF QSL cards; R&H 77.10 4-46 50
KCBF 11770; LI 79.24 30-6-45
KCBF & KCBA co-channel 15150 Philippines & Japan; ARW 77.8 10-46 40
KCBF = KCBR3 1-1-51; AMP VOA document 19
KCBR3 = VOA DL3 1-11-63; AMP VOA document 19


Delano – CBS
KCBR Delano 200 kW Federal CBS activated 1945; VOA yellow sheet
KCBR 200 kW activated 1945; VOA Station Profile
KCBR QSLs; R&H 77.10 3-46 54
KCBR QSL cards; R&H 77.10 4-46 50
KCBR QSLs; R&H 7-46 63
KCBR = KCBR1 1-1-51; AMP VOA document 19
KCBR1 = VOA DL1 1-11-63; AMP VOA document 19

Dixon1 – AT&T
AT&T facility
KMI 4280 70.09 Dixon phone across Pacific; LI 79.24 +3-12-37
KMI 17090 17.50 Frisco regular schedule; ARW 77.8 1-44 21
KMI 17090 17.5 San Francisco United Nations Network; R&H 79.12 1-44 36
KMI 17090 17.50 San Francisco on the air, R&H 79.12 1-44 38
KMI 17090 17.50 San Francisco on the air, R&H 79.12 2-44 38

Dixon1 – AT&T
KMI2 AT&T P2P; RN 7-46 120
KMI2 8630 Dixon AT&T relay commentary with VLY2; R&H 79.12 10-44 36
KMI2 8630 listed in VOA relay schedule; R&H 79.12 10-45 36
KMI2 8630 replacing KES2 in Oriental languages; R&H 79.13 10-45 36
KMI2 8630 34.74 (Bolinas) final entry; R&H 79.13 11-45 37

Dixon1 – AT&T
KWD Dixon 10840 kHz own programs relay KWID; R&H 79.12 10-42 47

Dixon1 -AT&T
KWN 14245 AT&T; 1933 SWL&CB 9
KWN 21060 phone; 1935 AMPRD
KWN 21060 20 kW address KWV; 1936 AMPRD 98

Dixon1 – AT&T
KWN2 AT&T P2P; RN 7-46 120

Dixon1 – AT&T
KWN4 AT&T P2P; RN 7-46 120

Dixon1 – AT&T
KWN6 AT&T P2P; RN 7-46 120

Dixon1 – AT&T
KWN7 AT&T P2P; RN 7-46 120


Dixon1 – AT&T
KWO 15355 19.53 Dixon; LI 79.23 1-9-34 40
KWO 7565 39.66 Dixon phone Hawaii; LI 79.23 1-9-34 43
KWO 15415 Dixon phone; 1935 AMPRD 2-3 35 43 107
KWO 15415 19.46 Dixon broadcast & phone Hawaii; LI 79.23 5-10-35 40
KWO 15415 20 kW address KWV; 1936 AMPRD 97
KWO 15415 19.46 Dixon phone JVF; LI 79.23 3-10-36 34
KWO 15415 19.46 Dixon phone across Pacific; LI 79.24 +3-12-37

Dixon1 – AT&T
KWU AT&T P2P; RN 7-46 120
KWU 15355 19.53 Dixon phone Hawaii; LI 79.23 1-9-34 40
KWU 15355 19.53 Dixon phone; 1935 AMPRD 2-3 35 43 107
KWU 15355 phone; 1935 WRTVHB 117
KWU 15355 19.53 Dixon broadcast & phone Pacific Japan; LI 79.23 5-10-35 40
KWU 15355 20 kW; 1936 AMPRD 97
KWU 19.53 Dixon heard with strong signal. LI 79.23 22-8-36 53
KWU 15355 19.54 Dixon phone across Pacific; LI 79.24 +3-12-37
KWU 15355 19.54 San Francisco news relay; ARW 77.8 9-42 22
KWU 15355 19.54 Dixon announced frequency; ARW 77.8 10-42 22
KWU 15355 19.53 San Francisco relay other stations; R&H 79.12 10-42 47
KWU 15355 19.53 Frisco program Philippines very strong; ARW 77.8 1-43 24
KWU 15355 19.53 news, very strong signal; ARW 77.8 3-43 23
KWU 15355 19.53 news relay very good signal; ARW 77.8 4-43 23
KWU 15355 19.53 Frisco relay EE & FF strong signal; R&H 79.12 4-43 45
KWU 15355 19.53 relay to Australia & DEI; ARW 77.8 6-43 22
KWU QSL address 111 Sutter St San Francisco; R&H 79.12 11-43 36
KWU 15350 19.53 Frisco my favorite; ARW 77.8 1-44 21
KWU QSL cards; R&H 79.12 5-44 36
KWU 19.53 good signal; ARW 6-44 24
KWU QSL cards; R&H 79.12 7-44 36
KWU 15350 19.54 Frisco final entry; R&H 79.13 11-45 37

Dixon1 – AT&T
KWV AT&T P2P; RN 7-46 120
KWV 10840 27.68 Dixon phone to Hawaii irregular; LI 79.23 1-9-34 40
KWV 10840 Dixon phone; 1935 AMPRD 2-3 35 43 107
KWV 10840 phone; 1935 AMPRD 117
KWV 20 kW; 1936 AMPRD 98
KWV round the world relay 25-4-35 NY Java, London Amsterdam; ARW 1-7-36
KWV 10840 27.68 Dixon phone Japan Manila Hawaii; LI 79.23 3-10-36 36
KWV 10840 27/68 Dixon phone across Pacific; LI 79.24 +3-12-37
KWV 10840 27.67 Frisco relay KWID; ARW 77.8 8-42 23
KWV 10840 27.67 Frisco relay KWID; ARW 77.8 8-42 24
KWV 10840 27.67 Dixon best of KWID relays; ARW 1-43 24
KWV 10840 27.67 Dixon sportsd relay good signal; ARW 77.8 3-43 23
KWV QSL card; R&H 79.12 3-43 41
KWV 10840 27.67 sports & news; ARW 77.8 5-43 23
KWV QSL cards; R&H 79.12 9-43 36
KWV QSL address 111 Sutter St San Francisco; R&H 79.12 11-43 36
KWV cards; R&H 79.12 12-43 36
KWV cards; R&H 79.12 2-44 36
KWV 27.68 good signal; ARW 77.8 6-44 24
KWV QSL cards; R&H 79.12 7-44 36
KWV Frisco SW news; LI 79.24 5-8-44
KWV parallel with KRCA; ARW 77.8 10-44 24
KWV 10840 27.68 relay to Australia & NEI; ARW 77.8 12-44 31
KWV woeful signal in Australia, beamed to US servicemen; R&H 79.13 1-45 36
KVW (KWV) strong signal in Q; R&H 79.13 2-45 36
KWV 10840 heard in Maffra; LI 79.24 8-9-45
KWV 10840 27.68 Frisco final entry; R&H 79.13 9-45 37
Became KMI Inverness; Booklet

Dixon1 – AT&T
KWX 7610 39.42 Dixon phone Hawaii; LI 79.23 1-9-34 43
KWX 7610 Dixon phone; 1935 AMPRD 2-3 35 43 107
KWX 7610 phone; 1935 AMPRD 117
KWX 7610 39.40 Dixon phone to Hawaii & broadcast; LI 79.23 5-10-35 44
KWX 7610 39.40 on air with programming as W6XN Dixon; 1936 AMPRD 93
KWX 7610 39.42 Dixon; AMPRD 1936 RN 7-36 31
KWX 7610 39.42 Dixon phone across Pacific; LI 79.24 +3-12-37

Dixon1 – AT&T
KWY 7565 Dixon phone; 1935 AMPRD 2-3 35 43 107
KWY 7565 phone; 1935 AMPRD 117
KWY 7565 39.66 Dixon phone Shanghai; AMPRD 1936 LI 3-10-36 40
KWY 7565 39.68 Dixon phone; LI 79.24 +3-12-37
KWY 40.1 calling KGJ; R&H 79.12 6-42 47
KWY 7184 40.1 (Hawaii) point-point broadcasts; R&H 79.12 7-42 50
KWY relay KWID; Piersein 457
KWY 7560 39.68 San Francisco relay KWID; ARW 77.8 2-43 23
KWY 7560 39.68 San Francisco best secondary station; ARW 77.8 2-43 24
KWY relay KWID; R&H 79.12 3-43 45
KWY 7565 39.68 Frisco program relay; ARW 77.8 5-43 23
KWY 7565 39.68 good signal; ARW 77.8 6-43 22
KWY letter QSLs; R&H 79.12 8-43 42
KWY QSL cards; R&H 79.12 9-43 36
KWY QSL address 111 Sutter St Frisco; R&H 79.12 11-43 36
KWY QSL cards; R&H 79.12 12-43 36
KWY QSL cards; R&H 79.12 2-44 36
KWY QSL cards; R&H 79.12 5-44 36
KWY QSL cards; R&H 79.12 6-44 37
KWY 39.66 Frisco SW news; LI 79.24 5-8-44
KWY 7560 39.66 program relay; 77.8 9-44 24
KWY 15720 good level; LI 79.24 24-3-45
KWY 7560 39.68 Frisco news relay final entry; R&H 79.13 3-45 37
KWY beamed to Philippines; VOA document

Dixon2 – NBC
VOA see VOA documents
NBC facility; R&H 79.13 3-45 36
KNBA 38.44; LI 79.24 24-3-45
KNBA = NBC; R&H 79.13 3-45 36
KMBA call is incorrect; R&H 79.13 3-45 36
KNBA 38.44 200 kW 1st noted; LI 79.24 24-3-45
KNBA QSLs; R&H 77.10 3-46 54
KNBA QSL cards; R&H 77.10 4-46 50
KNBA; QSLs R&H 77.10 53
KNBA Dixon NBC CBS see VOA document
KNBA KNBI KNBX re-designated as KRCA VOA Dixon; WRHB 1951
KRCA QSL card ATC 11870 30-3-52; Hocken
KRCA re-designated as KNBH VOA Dixon; WRHB 1955

Dixon2 – NBC
KNBI 19.56 50 kW 1st noted LI 79.24 24-3-45
KNBI QSLs; R&H 77.10 3-46 54
KNBI QSLs; R&H 77.10 7-46 63
KNBI QSL cards; R&H 77.10 4-46 50
KNBA KNBI KNBX re-designated as KRCA VOA Dixon; WRHB 1951
KRCA re-designated as KNBH VOA Dixon; WRHB 1955

Dixon2 – NBC
KNBX 13.92 50 kW 1st noted; LI 79.24 24-3-45
KNBX QSL cards; R&H 77,10 4-46 50
KNBX QSLs; R&H 7-46 63
KNBA KNBI KNBX re-designated as KRCA VOA Dixon; WRHB 1951
KRCA re-designated as KNBH VOA Dixon; WRHB 1955
KRCA 11870 30-3-52 VOA Blue Star QSL; ATC Hocken

Islais Creek – AB
KWID KWIX details – see VOA document
AB established by Associated Broadcasters; VOA document
F D Roosevelt called VOA meeting UK Australia also 8-41; Schneider 7
Wesley Dumm president Associated Broadcasters agrees 2 SW SF; Schneider 7
Dumm also applied for SW licences for LA & Seattle, OWI took over; Kent 203
KSFO into temporary studios 17th floor Mark Hopkins 4-42; Schneider 7
KWID new studios entered August 1942; Schneider 7
KWID studios in bomb proof parking under Mark Hopkins hotel; Schneider 8
OWI took over NBC studios 111 Sutter St as KWID opened; Schneider 8
KSFO moved studios into Fairmount Hotel 1955; Schneider 10
KWID call from Wesley I. Dumm; Schneider 4 & 9
KWID projected call KABI for Associated Broadcasters Inc; VOA document
KWID ex-WGEO KSFO SW 100 kW Mark Hopkins; ARW 77.8 11-42 20
New station soon 100 kW 6 channels with KSFO (KFSO); R&H 79.11 3-42 54
KWID new call coming soon; R&H 79.12 4-42 54
KWID 15290 19.62 Frisco 1st heard May 7 Mark Hopkins; ARW 77.8 6-42 21
KWID 15290 19.62 Frisco newcomer foreign languages; ARW 77.8 6-42 22
KWID 15290 19.62 Frisco 6 channels new owned PWI (no); R&H 79.12 6-42 47
KWID owned by KFSO, Mark Hopkins 100 kW; R&H 79.12 7-42 48
KWID studios bomb proof basement Mark Hopkins Hotel; Kent 203
KWID also using RCA transmitters 6860 9480; R&H 79.12 8-42 47
KWID network, only KWID will QSL; R&H 79.12 9-42 48
KWID QSL card red white & blue; R&H 79.12 12-42 47
KWID QSL cards; 79.12 1-43 47
KWID QSL; R&H 79.12 2-43 43
KWID QSL; 79.12 3-43 41
KWID relay Anzac Hour; ARW 77.8 9-43 20
KWID QSL cards; R&H 79.12 9-43 36
KWID QSL address Fairmount Hotel; R&H 79.12 9-43 36
KWID QSL cards; R&H 79.12 11-43 36
KWID QSL cards; R&H 79.12 1-44 36
KWID QSL cards; R&H 79.12 2-44 36
KWID & KWIX in parallel; R&H 79.12 3-44 35
KWIX QSL card; R&H 79.12 4-44 36
KWID QSL cards; R&H 79.12 5-44 36
KWID QSL cards; R&H 79.12 6-44 37
KWID beamed to South America; ARW 77.8 10-44 24
KWID 41.49; LI 79.24 28-4-45
KWID QSLs; R&H 7-46 63
KWID = KWID1 1-1-51; VOA document
KWID closed after a few years; Schneider 8
KWID1 released from VOA service July 1 1953 closed; VOA document
KWID QSL cards; file
KWID QSL card, will send to OIE for verification; ATC QSL card Hocken
KWID 100 kW GE re-installed FEBC Manila; R&H 77.14 2-57 98
W2XAF = WGEU = WGEO = KWID == FEBC?; R&H 79.14 2-59 103


Islais Creek – AB
KWIX KWID details – see VOA document
KWIX KWID see document KFSO from NZ
KWIX 50 kW RCA 1st heard Sep 1943; VOA document, Piersein
KWIX 50 kW RCA ready for programming 15-5-43; Piersein VOA document
KWIX 9570 31.35 heard in Australia; ARW 77.8 10-43 21
KWIX 9570 31.35 relay to KRCA; R&H 79.12 10-43
KWIX 11870 25.27 1st heard Dec 2; ARW 77.8 1-44 20
KWIX & KWID in parallel; R&H 79.12 3-44 35
KWIX QSL card; R&H 79.12 4-44 36
KWIX QSL cards; R&H 79.12 6-44 37
KWIX QSL cards; R&H 79.12 7-44 36
KWIX 11900 25.21 Frisco SW news; LI 79.24 5-8-44
KWIX QSL Jim Burfield; LI 79.24 1-12-45
KWIX = KWID2 1-1-51; VOA document
KWID2 released from VOA service July 1 1953 closed; VOA document
KWIX QSL cards; file
KWIX QSL card 11-9-48 will send to OIE for vwerification; ATC QSL Hocken
KWIX=KWID2 50 kW RCA re-installed FEBC new building; R&H 77.14 2-57 98

Los Angeles
KBE PW P2P; RN 7-46 120

Los Angeles
KGTS PW P2P; RN 7-46 120

Los Angeles – PW
PW Press Wireless facility; R&H 79.12 4-42 53
KJE8 9390 31.94 Los Angeles transmitting test programs; ARW 77.8 4-42 22
KJE8 9390 31.95 Los Angeles Press Wireless programs; R&H 79.12 4-42 53
KJE8 9390 31.95 Los Angeles test programs very strong; R&H 79.12 4-42 56
KJE8 9390 31.94 Los Angeles transmitting test program; ARW 77.8 5-42 22
KJE8 9390 31.94 Los Angeles test programs; R&H 79.12 5-42 56
KJE8 Bikini relay; R&H 79.13 8-46 63
KJE8 9390 31.94 (KGEA); R&H 3-47
KJE8 9390 31.94 (KGEA incorrect call) heard in Feb 42; R&H 79.13 4-47 74
KJE8 QSL Wiseman; R&H 79.13 7-47 70

Los Angeles – PW
KJE9 10750 27.90 Los Angeles opens at 1:00 am; ARW 77.8 4-42 22
KJE9 10750 27.91 Los Angeles Press Wireless programs; R&H 79.12 4-42 53
KJE8 10750 27.91 Los Angeles test programs very strong; R&H 79.12 4-42 56
KJE9 10750 27.90 Los Angeles heard closing; ARW 77.8 5-42 22
KJE9 10750 27.91 Los Angeles test programs; R&H 79.12 5-42 56
KJE9 10750 27.90 Los Angeles heard closing; ARW 77.8 6-42 23
Los Angeles – PW?
KTG3 6920 Los Angeles heard Feb 28 with ID closing(PW?); ARW 77.8 4-22 22
KTG3 6920 Los Angeles heard Feb 28 with ID closing; ARW 77.8 5-22 22

Palo Alto – McKay
MCW operated by McKay Cable & Wireless; AMP VOA doc 8
KKC Fed T&T; SWL&CB 1933 8
KRK MRT Co; 1933 SWL&CB 8
KWA 39.15 MRT Co; SWL&CB 8
KWB 38.75 MRT Co; SWL&CB 8
KWC 33.9 MRT Co; SWL&CB 8
KWD 33.37 MRT Co; SWL&CB 8
KWF 27.73 MRT Co; SWL&CB 8
KWG San Francisco phone conversation PLV Bandoeng; R&H 79.11 6-40 59
KWI 27.55 MRT Co; SWL&CB 9
KWJ 23.08 MRT Co; SWL&CB 9
KWM 20.35 MRT Co; SWL&CB 9
KWP 16.968 MRT Co; SWL&CB 9
KWQ 16.429 MRT Co; SWL&CB 9
KWS 14.032 MRT Co; SWL&CB 9
KWT 68.24 & 16.98 MRT Co; SWL&CB 9 and 34.86 8605 kHz; 1930 AMPRD
Became KFS

Palo Alto – McKay
KROJ see VOA document
KROJ Piersein 457
KROJ McKay Cable & Wireless; AMP VOA document 8
KROJ 50 kW went on air July 1943; AMP VOA document 8
KROJ Press Wireless (?); Radio Notes 84.2671 1 1-46
KROJ new transmitter; R&H 79.12 8-43 41
KROJ 9890 15190 17760 30.33 19.75 17760 new station; R&H 77.10 8-43 45
KROJ 9890 15190 17760 30.33 19.75 17760 new station; R&H 77.10 8-43 49
KROJ 19.75 replaces 16.89; ARW 77.8 8-43 22
KROJ 30.31 heard in NZ; ARW 77.8 9-43 21
KROJ 9890 15190 19.75 30.33 Australia & Alaska; R&H 79.12 9-43 38
KROJ 9890 not as good as KWID; ARW 77.8 10-43 21
KROJ 17760 16.89 new channel; R&H 11-43 38
KROJ QSL address 111 Sutter St Frisco; R&H 79.12 11-43 36
KROJ QSL cards; R&H 79.12 11-43 36
KROJ QSL cards; R&H 79.12 12-43 36
KROJ QSL cards; R&H 79.12 1-44 36
KROJ QSL cards; R&H 79.12 5-44 36
KROJ 9890 30.33 relay KWIX; R&H 79.12 6-44 37
KROJ QSL cards; R&H 79.12 6-44 37
KROJ 6100 49.19 new channel; R&H 79.12 8-44 37
KROJ 17760 16.89 stronger than KWID, beamed Australia; ARW 77.8 10-44 24
KROJ 9890 30.31 very good signal; ARW 77.9 10-44 24
KROJ 9890 QSL card Len Poynter Vic; LI 79.24 3-2-45
KROJ 16.89 & 30.31; LI 79.24 24-3-45
KROJ 9890 relay KNBA & KNBC; R&H 79.13 5-45 37
KROJ 25.56; LI 79.24 16-6-45
KROJ 11740; LI 79.24 30-6-45
KROJ heard on MW in Borneo; LI 79.24 11-8-45
KROJ 9 channels in use; R&H 79.13 9-45 37
KROJ final listing; 79.13 11-45 37
KROJ QSL 2 channels Jim Burfield; LI 79.24 1-12-45
KROJ VOA usage terminated 31-12-45; AMP VOA document 8

Palo Alto – McKay
KROU see VOA document
KROU 50 kW went on air May 1945; AMP VOA document 8
KROU 16.87 & 39.66 heard in Australia; LI 79.24 16-6-45
KROU 9850 new; R&H 79.13 7-45 36
KROU 9850 17780 30.44 16.87; R&H 79.13 7-45 37
KROU 17780 listed in VOA schedule; 79.13 8-45 35
KROU San Francisco 9850 & 10870; LI 79.24 28-7-45
KROU; R&H 79.13 7-45 36
KROU 9850 listed in VOA schedule; R&H 79.13 10-45 35
KROU final entry; R&H 79.13 11-45 37
KROU VOA usage terminated 31-12-45; AMP VOA document 8
KROU no published reports of any QSL

San Francisco – Navy
Navy relayed VOA to Philippines Jan – May 1942; R Electronics

San Francisco – AT&T?
KNY 15.70 war news; LI 79.24 5-8-44
KNY relay to VLN7 with commentaries; R&H 79.12 10-44 36
KNY 15.70m (19145 kHz); Radio Call 6-12-44
KNY 19080 15.72 San Francisco works VLN7 final entry; R&H 79.13 7-45 37

San Francisco – AT&T
KNY2 34.75 war news; LI 79.24 5-8-44

San Francisco
KZH P2P with KID for prgram relay; R&H 79.12 7-42 47

San Francisco – Army
WVY Army Signal Corps station; RN 122-46 94


Bolinas Time Line

Call kHz M kW 1st Date Broadcasts Relay
KEB 6160 48.71 1933 — — —
6890 43.54 1936 1944 – 1944 News
KEE 7722 38.85 1933 — — —
7715 38.89 1934 1936 – 1942 NBC, CBS, HC, KGEI
KEI 10623 28.24 1933 — — —
9490 31.61 1935 1939 – 1943 Hitler, to Hawaii, KGEI
KEJ 9010 33.30 20-40 1933 1935 – 1944 NBC, CBS, KGEI
KEL 6865 43.7 1931 — — —
6887 43.46 1931 1931 – 1931 NBC to Japan
6860 43.73 1931 1931 – 1944 Programs, KGEI, KWID
KEN 6845 43.82 1933 — — —
6845 43.83 1933 1942 – 1942 KGEI
KER 10400 28.84 1933 — — —
10390 28.87 1933 1942 – 1945 KGEI
KES 10416 28.80 1933 — — —
10410 28.82 40 1934 1935 – 1942 Tests, KGEI
KES2 8930 33.59 1942 1942 – 1945 KWID, KRCA
KES3 10620 28.25 1942 1942 – 1945 KWID, KGEI
KET 9480 31.63 1923 1942 – 1943 KWID, KGEI
KEZ 10400 28.85 40 1931 1942 – 1942 KWID
KKL 15475 19.39 1933 1946 – 1946 KU5Q
KKQ 11950 25.11 1933 1936 – 1942 Hawaii Calls, KGEI
KKR 15460 19.40 1933 1943 – 1944 Program relays
KKW 13780 21.77 1932 1936 – 1945 Program relays
KKZ 13690 21.91 1934 1939 – 1943 CBS
KLL 13720 21.87 1933 1942 – 1942 Program relays
KQZ 17980 16.69 1933 1936 – 1936 LSY
KRCA Several Several 1942 1942 – 1945 NBC, KWID, KWIX., KGEI
KRCQ 15120 19.84 1945 1945 – 1945 VOA

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